Dr Chris Barnard performs the world’s first human heart transplant

Hallgasd meg cikkünket a NESTON-on, majd itt olvasd is el. Már ki is szótáraztuk neked:)


Dr Chris Barnard performs the world’s first human heart transplant

On 3 December 1967, South African doctor, Dr Christiaan Barnard, performed the world’s first human to human heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town. This extraordinary event which pushed the boundaries of science into the dawn of a new medical epoch took place inside Charles Saint Theatre at Groote Schuur Hospital. After a decade of heart surgery, Barnard and his gifted cardiothoracic team of thirty (which included his brother Marius), were well equipped to perform the nine hour long operation.

The recipient was Louis Washkansky, a fifty-three year old grocer with a debilitating heart condition. Washkansky received the heart of Denise Darvall, a young woman who was run over by a car on 2 December and had been declared brain dead after suffering serious brain damage. Her father, Edward Darvall agreed to the donation of his daughter’s heart and kidneys. The operation started shortly after midnight on a Saturday night and was completed the next morning just before 6 a.m. when the new heart in the chest of Louis Washkansky was electrically shocked into action. After regaining consciousness he was able to talk and on occasion, to walk but his condition deteriorated and died of pneumonia eighteen days after the heart transplant.

Since then, Groote Schuur Hospital has set up the ‘Heart of Cape Town Museum’ which honours those who played a leading role in the surgery. Theatres A and B are the original theatres and have been recreated to display an authentic representation of the ground breaking operation. Christiaan Barnard died in September 2001 at the age of 78.

to perform– végrehajt
human – ember(i)
heart transplant – szívátültetés
extraordinary event – kivételes/különleges esemény
to push the boundaries of – valaminek a határait feszegetni
dawn – hajnal, pirkadat
epoch  – kor
to take place – megtörténik valahol, megrendezik valahol
decade – évtized
gifted  – tehetséges
cardiothoracic – szívsebészeti
to be equipped to  – valamivel felszerelve lenni
recipient –fogadó, vevő (itt: aki a szívet kapta)
debilitating – legyengült, legyengítő
heart condition – szívbetegség
to be run over by – elgázolva lenni valami által
to be declared brain dead – agyhalottnak nyilvánítva lenni
to suffer serious brain damage – komoly agysérülést szenvedni
to agree to  – beleegyezni valamibe
to regain consciousness – magához tér
to deteriorate – romlik
to honour – megemlékezni
to play a leading role in – vezető szerepet játszani valamiben
to be recreated – újraalkotva lenni
to display – bemutatni
authentic representation – autentikus bemutatás
ground breaking – úttörő

Egyéb megjegyzés