TALKING ABOUT DISABILITIES
HANGANYAG ÉS FELADAT: ITT
A disability is an aspect of a person that limits them in some way. Physical disabilities limit the way the body works. For example, some people need glasses because they do not see well. Other people do not walk and use wheelchairs. Developmental disabilities limit some people's thinking. Other terms for this include retardation, mentally handicapped and special needs. For instance, Down Syndrome is an example of a developmental disability. People with disabilities try to live just like other people do. They sometimes need special equipment such as special cups to drink from or accessible buildings (with ramps, elevators, wide doorways and plenty of room beside the toilet, for example).
According to a recent survey two-thirds of people feel uncomfortable or awkward talking to somebody who is disabled. Firstly, because they feel sorry for people with disabilities. Secondly, because they are afraid that they will say something wrong. What's important is that you respect the person and see them beyond their disability.
The most important question many people have is: What is appropriate terminology, for example, disability, impairment, or handicap? When you're working with someone, you can ask what terminology he or she prefers. Some people prefer different terms, some get very upset about terminology, and some don't care. Some people really appreciate the opportunity to talk about their disability and educate people about accessibility issues, and others don't like to talk about it at all.
Before you help someone, ask whether they need help. In some cases a person with a disability might seem to be struggling, yet they are fine and would prefer to complete the task on their own.
If you are talking to a person who is hard of hearing and uses an interpreter, make sure you focus your interaction with the person you are talking to and not to the interpreter. If you will be speaking for some time with a person in a wheelchair, sit down so that you are at eye level with them so they don't have to strain their neck to look up to you.
Avoidpotentially offensive terms or euphemisms. Commonly accepted terminology includes people with disabilities" and "a person with a visual/hearing/physical/speech/cognitive impairment”. Also, be aware of personal space. Some people who use a mobility aid, such as a wheelchair, walker, or cane, see these aids as part of their personal space. Don't touch, move, or lean on mobility aids. This is also important for safety.
to limit - behatárolni
wheelchair - kerekes szék
developmental - fejlődési
retardation - visszamaradás, retardáció
special needs - különleges igényű
equipment - felszerelés
accessible - akadálymentes
ramp - rámpa
survey - felmérés
awkward - kellemetlen, ciki
terminology - szóhasználat
impairment - károsodás
handicap - hátrány, fogyatékosság
to appreciate - értékelni
to struggle - küzdeni
to avoid - elkerülni
offensive term - sértő kifejezés
euphemism - szépítő kifejezés
mobility aid - mozgásban segítő eszköz
walker - járókeret
cane - bot
to lean on - rátámaszkodni
cripple - béna
wheelchair-bound - kerekes székhez kötött
congenital - veleszületett, születési
to be afflicted with/by - valamitől sújtott
environmental - környezeti
burns - égések
penetrating - szúrt
to pierce - megszórni
blunt - tompa
acid - sav