Endangered and Extinct Species
az audiót itt hallgathatod meg: HANGANYAG
Almost all of us know that there are many animals and plants today that could die out in the near future. We also know that many species are already extinct. Unfortunately, it is possible that many of our present world’s endangered species will also disappear if we do not pay more attention to saving them. In order to survive they need our protection, but first of all, we need to know about them.
Extinct animals are the animals that are no longer alive. Prehistoric animals fall into this category. A large number of them died out because of natural disasters or environmental changes such as changes in climate. Dinosaurs and the animals that lived in their time disappeared at least 65 million years ago. Sadly, there are also some more modern age animals that also no longer live on our planet. An example is the dodo bird that was hunted down for food and the Tasmanian tiger.
Today biologists say that at least three animal and plant species become extinct every day.
Endangered animals are the animals that exist only in small numbers and they could become extinct in a very short period of time. Apart from these highly endangered animals, there are also some that face serious problems but if they are protected in time, they can be saved at present. They are not in immediate danger of extinction.
The existence of these animals is in danger for various reasons, but the general danger they face comes from us, humans. One of the main reasons is that we destroy their habitat so quickly that the animals do not have time to adapt to the changes and they cannot survive. As the human population rises, the animals have less and less space to live in. We build more homes, shopping centers and take wood, oil and other products from their land. If they are left with nowhere to live and nothing to eat, it is not surprising that some of them can only survive in the cages we build for them in zoos or the luckier ones in nature reserves.
Another reason is that humans introduce exotic foreign species into new habitats and the new and the local animals cannot live next to each other. Humans can also cause harm when they try to save a species and do not think of other animals living in the same environment. When the protected animal population jumps suddenly, the others can be put at risk because it can affect the food chain. The trade in animal parts is also a great source of danger to certain species. In several parts of Asia, for example, there is a strong market for traditional medicines made from tiger bone and rhinoceros horn.
We, humans are also responsible for endangering animals by poaching, polluting the environment and overcollecting certain species. If nothing is done against these serious actions against our animals, the list of extinct species will keep growing day by day.
species [ˈspiːʃiːz] - fajok
extinct [ɪkˈstɪŋt] - kihalt
endangered [ɪnˈdeɪndʒəd] - veszélyeztetett
prehistoric [ˌpriːhɪˈstɒrɪk] - őskori
natural disasters [ˈnætʃrəl dɪˈzɑːstəz] - természeti katasztrófák
environmental changes [ɪnˌvaɪərənˈmentl̩ ˈtʃeɪndʒɪz] - környezeti változások
immediate [ɪˈmiːdɪət] - azonnali
existence [ɪɡˈzɪstəns] - létezés
habitat [ˈhæbɪtæt] - élőhely
to adapt [tə əˈdæpt] - alkalmazkodik
nature reserves [ˈneɪtʃə rɪˈzɜːvz] - természetvédelmi terület
to put at risk [tu pʊt ət rɪsk] - veszélynek kitesz
to affect [tə əˈfekt] - hatással van valamire
food chain [fuːd tʃeɪn] - tápláléklánc
poaching [ˈpəʊtʃɪŋ] - orvvadászat
polluting [pəˈluːtɪŋ] - szennyezés