Alapfok (B1) – Reading comprehension
Read the following text and fill in the gaps with the expressions below according to the example. There are two extra expressions you don’t need.
People all over the world live in cities with skyscrapers, which are tall buildings that ……G…. (0). The first skyscraper was built in 1885, and it was 10 stories high. As of today, the tallest buildings in the world can be more than 100 stories high.
It may sound strange, but skyscrapers move. It’s not unusual for them to ………. (1). If you were near the top of the world’s tallest skyscraper, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, which has 163 floors, you would feel ………. (2) about two meters back and forth. This doesn’t mean the building isn’t safe. Experts say that tall buildings move a little bit in the wind. But builders have to be sure that super-strong winds don’t ………. (3). So, they strengthen the concrete that is used to make these tall buildings with steel rods and beams. These pieces of steel are the “bones” of the skyscraper. If you want to keep a tall building from moving too much, this will help.
For a skyscraper to stay in place, it needs to ………. (4). This part of the building that is below the ground is called the substructure. They are important to hold the whole skyscraper up and to ………. (5) tall and strong. The part of a skyscraper that you see above the ground is the superstructure.
A. be invented by engineers
B. the building move
C. construct taller buildings
D. damage a skyscraper
E. have a strong foundation
F. keep it standing
G. reach up to the sky
H. shake a little
1.H 2.B 3.D 4.E 5.F