Brief History of the Olympic Games
With London 2012 just around the corner, what better way to prepare than a brief summary of the history of the Olympic Games? Here is the short story of how the Olympics started more than 2700 years ago in Olympia, in southwest Greece.
The Olympics started in Ancient Greece, where the different city states competed against each other in a number of sporting competitions like the marathon, which is still part of the modern games. Nowadays the Olympics are divided into summer and winter games. They happen every four years. The Olympic flag is made up of 5 rings representing the 5 continents. Over 200 countries will participate in the Olympics this summer. The first modern Olympics took place in 1896 In Greece.
a hanganyagot itt hallgathatod meg:
All we know about the beginning is that the first record of Olympic contest originates from 776 BC which records the name of the very first Olympic Champion Coroebus, who was a cook by profession. At the very beginning, the only event was the stade (192 m) distance run. The beginning of the event was signalled by lighting the fire on the altar of Zeus which was followed by an approximately 200-meter distance run in the full length of the stadium of Olympia.
About 40 thousand people gathered every fourth year for an attraction which lasted only half a minute. In these years the athletes ran naked as it was considered a good omen for the win.
Seeing the popularity of the games the Greek decided to extend the Games by introducing several other events, like boxing, wrestling and pancration. Further popular events were tethrippon (four horse carriages racing on 14 thousand meter distance), the ancient pentathlon (stade run, long jump, high jump, discus throw and – interestingly – wrestling), and armed running (the athletes had to run in full armour). The ancient Olympic Games grew and continued to be organised every four years for nearly 1200 years. In 393 CE, the Roman emperor Theodosius I, a Christian, abolished the Games because of their pagan influences.
to compete against [tə kəmˈpiːt əˈɡenst] - valaki ellen versenyezni
competition [ˌkɒmpəˈtɪʃən] - verseny
to be divided into [tə bi dɪˈvaɪdɪd ˈɪntə] - … részre osztva lenni
to happen [tə ˈhæpən] - (meg)történik
flag [flæɡ] - zászló
to represent [tə ˌriːprɪˈzent] - képvisel
to participate in [tə pɑːˈtɪsɪpeɪt ɪn] - részt vesz
to take place [tə teɪk ˈpleɪs] - megrendezésre kerül
beginning [bɪˈɡɪnɪŋ] - kezdet
to originate from [tu əˈrɪdʒɪneɪt frɒm] - ered valahonnan
to record [tə rɪˈkɔːd] - feljegyez
to be signalled by [tə bi ˈsɪɡnəld baɪ] - jelezve lenni valami által
lighting the fire [ˈlaɪtɪŋ ðə ˈfaɪə] - a tűz meggyújtása
altar [ˈɔːltə] - oltár
to be followed by [tə bi ˈfɒləʊd baɪ] - követve lenni valami által
approximately [əˈprɒksɪmətli] - nagyjából, megközelítőleg
to gather [tə ˈɡæðə] - összegyűlik
attraction [əˈtrækʃən] - látványosság
athlete [ˈæθliːt] - sportoló
naked [ˈneɪkɪd] - meztelen
to be considered something [tə bi kənˈsɪdəd ˈsʌmθɪŋ] - valamit tartanak valaminek
popularity [ˌpɒpjʊˈlærɪti] - népszerűség
to decide to [tə dɪˈsaɪd tuː] - elhatározza, hogy …
to extend [tu ɪkˈstend] - kiterjeszt
to introduce [tu ˌɪntrəˈdjuːs] - bevezet, bemutat
armed [ɑːmd] - fegyveres
in full armour [ɪn fʊl ˈɑːmə] - teljes fegyverzetben
to abolish [tu əˈbɒlɪʃ] - betilt
pagan influence [ˈpeɪɡən ˈɪnflʊəns] - pogány behatás