The modern revival of Olympic Games
Approximately 1500 years later, a young Frenchmen, named Pierre de Coubertin, began the revival of the Games. Coubertin is now known as „le Rénovateur”. He was a French aristocrat born on January 1, 1863. He was only seven years old when France was overrun by the Germans during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. Some believe that Coubertin attributed the defeat of France not to its military skills but rather to the French soldiers' lack of vigour. After examining the education of the German, British, and American children, Coubertin decided that it was exercise, more specifically sports, that made a well-rounded and vigorous person.
In 1890, he organized and founded a sports organization, Union des Sociétés Francaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA). Two years later, Coubertin first pitched his idea to revive the Olympic Games at a meeting of the Union des Sports Athlétiques in Paris in 1892. Two years later, Coubertin organized a meeting with 79 delegates who represented nine countries. The delegates at the conference voted unanimously for the Olympic Games and also decided to have Coubertin construct an international committee to organize the Games. This committee became the International Olympic Committee (IOC; Comité Internationale Olympique) and Demetrious Vikelas from Greece was selected to be its first president. Athens was chosen as the location for the revival of the Olympic Games and the planning was begun.
Thus, the Modern Olympic Games began from the year 1896 and were held in Athens, Greece, the place of birth of Olympics. The Olympic Games have since been held successfully twenty six times. The Games were successfully held after a gap of four years but it was only on three occasions that the Olympic Games could not be held. These were the warring periods in the history of modern world. In the year 1916, 1940 and 1944 the Olympic Games could not take place due to the destruction and devastation caused by the World Wars.
revival[rɪˈvaɪvəl] – újraélesztés
to be overrun by [tə bi ˌəʊvəˈrʌn baɪ] - hemzseg valamitől
to attribute something to [tu əˈtrɪbju:t ˈsʌmθɪŋ tuː] - valamit valaminek tulajdonít
defeat [dɪˈfiːt] – vereség
military skills [ˈmɪlɪtri skɪlz] - katonai képességek
lack of vigour [læk əv ˈvɪɡə] - erő/erély hiánya
well-rounded [wel ˈraʊndɪd] - sokoldalú, széleskörű
vigorous [ˈvɪɡərəs] - erélyes, nyomatékos
to pitch one’s idea [tə pɪtʃ wʌnz aɪˈdɪə] - hangot ad az ötletének
delegate [ˈdelɪɡeɪt] - delegált, követ
to represent [tə ˌriːprɪˈzent] – képvisel
to vote unanimously [tə vəʊt juːˈnænɪməsli] - egyhangúan szavazni
committee [kəˈmɪti] – bizottság
thus [ðʌs] – így
gap [ɡæp] - űr, hézag, rés
occasion [əˈkeɪʒən] – alkalom
warring period [ˈwɔːrɪŋ ˈpɪərɪəd] - háborús időszak
due to [djuː tuː] - köszönhető valaminek
destruction [dɪˈstrʌkʃən] – rombolás
devastation [ˌdevəˈsteɪʃən] – pusztítás