2004.03.03 - GRAMMAR, PHRASAL VERBS

2004.03.03 - GRAMMAR, PHRASAL VERBS

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5 Perc Angol
2004.  március


Üdvözlünk!

Hírlevelünk körül még folynak az átalakítások és ezért nem tudtuk rendszeresen küldeni. Kérünk, hogy legyél türelemmel amíg a rendszerünk teljesen helyre nem jönn.
Mai anyagunkban kedvenc témánkat a PHRASAL VERBS-eket küldjük.

Jó tanulást kívánunk,

Millennium Idegennyelvi Központ

 


GRAMMAR PHRASAL VERBS
These can be great fun to teach, and you can do lots of activities with them - for example, using dominoes to match up the verb and prepositions/adverbs.

Learners can find them very confusing though, as the meaning of the phrasal verb can be very different to the meanings of the two separate parts of it, e.g. look + after, put + off. Plus there are so many possible combinations which can sound very funny or even cause offence if they get them wrong!

What are they?
In modern English there are many words which have a Latin origin. A lot of these are verbs, for example:

maintain - manu tenere
tolerate - tolerare
succeed - succedere


For many Latin based verbs, there are also English phrasal verb equivalents. These are verbs + prepositions or adverbs which are regularly used together, often with a more colloquial use:
maintain = keep up
tolerate = put up with
succeed = come off


There are many phrasal verbs used in everyday speech and informal writing. Latin based verbs are more scientific and formal.

Phrasal verbs consist of a verb followed by a preposition or adverb:
{verb} + {preposition/adverb}

run into
look after
pull off


The meaning of a phrasal verb is very different from the meaning of the two words taken together:

go = leave
off = from

but...
go off = become bad, mouldy

 

The same phrasal verb can also have several very different meanings:
take off = remove
take off = imitate
take off = leave the ground

How do I use it?
Some phrasal verbs can stand alone:
The plane took off.

or be followed by a direct object:
{phrasal verb} + [direct object]
She took off her coat.


When a phrasal verb takes a direct object, the two parts of the verb can usually be separated; the adverb or preposition can be put before or after the object:
She took her coat off.
She took off her coat.


But if the object is a pronoun, it must break the phrasal verb in two:
She took it off.
She took off it.


Some phrasal verbs consist of three parts:
{verb} + {adverb} + {preposition}
She did away with her husband.
You must not go back on your promise.

Three part phrasal verbs are not split.

 

 

!

2004 márcis 12-ig minden beíratkozó hallgató 42 ingyenes foglalkozást kap ajándékba.

 
  Leíratkozás  Click here
     
 

JOKE

Speak Up

Alittle boy was kneeling beside his bed with his mother and grandmother and softly saying his prayers, "Dear God, please bless Mummy and Daddy and all the family and please give me a good night's sleep."

Suddenly he looked up and shouted, "And don't forget to give me a bicycle for my birthday!!"

"There is no need to shout like that," said his mother. "God isn't deaf."

"No," said the little boy, "but Grandma is."
 

 
     
 
     
 

USELESS FACTS

  • Barney, the famous dinosaur that entertains kids is from Dallas.
    (Source: Verified)
  • In 1888, Hollywood was founded by Harvey and Daeida Wilcox, who named the city after their summer home in Chicago.
    (Source: Verified)
  • In 1960 there were 16,067 gambling slots in Nevada. By 1999, this number rose to 205,726 slots which would be one slot for every 10 people residing there.
    (Source: Verified)
 
     
 
     
 

PHRASAL VERBS

do in (1. separable): cause to become very tired.

"Those three games of tennis yesterday afternoon really did me in. I slept for ten hours after I got home."

do in (2. separable): to kill; to murder.

"The said that the murdered man was done in between 10 and 11 o'clock last night."

do over (separable): do something again.

"Oh, no! I forgot to save my report before I turned the computer off! Now I'll have to do it over!"

drag on (no object): last much longer than expected or is necessary.

"I thought the meeting would be a short one, but it dragged on for more than three hours."

draw up (separable): create a formal document.

"The Ajax and Tip-Top Banks have decided to merge. Their lawyers will draw all the official documents up sometime this month."

drop off (separable): deliver something; deliver someone (by giving him/her a ride).

"Yes, I can take those letters to the post office. I'll drop them off as I go home from work."

"You don't have to take a taxi. You live fairly close to me, so I'll be happy to drop you off."

drop in (on) (inseparable): visit informally (and usually usually without scheduling a specific time).

"If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please try to drop in. (Please try to drop in on us."

drop by (inseparable): visit informally (and usually without scheduling a specific time).

"If you're in town next month, we'd love to see you. Please try to drop by the house."

drop out (of) (inseparable): stop attending / leave school or an organization.

"No, Paul isn't at the university. He dropped out. / He dropped out of school."

draw out (separable): prolong something (usually far beyond the normal limits).

"I thought that speech would never end. The speaker could have said everything important in about five minutes, but he drew the speech out for over an hour!"

 

 
     
 
   
   
   
Š2004 Millennium Idegennyelvi Központ. 1054 Budapest, Szemere utca 21. Tel:061/3534-209 - info@mlc2000.com
www.mlc2000.com

 

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