Mai hírlevelünk egy, a pub-ok történetét bemutatóháromrészes sorozat els? fejezete. Külön kiemeltem azokat a szavakat, amelyeket érdemes megjegyezni! Jó tanulást!
Jó tanulást kívánunk,
Millennium Idegennyelvi Központ
2004 szeptember 17-ig minden beíratkozó hallgató 42 ingyenes foglalkozást kap ajándékba.
Társalgási tanfolyamaink folyamatosan kéthetente indulnak.
Grandma Little Johnny greeted his grandmother with a hug and said, "I'm so happy to see you grandma. Now maybe daddy will do the trick he has been promising us." The grandmother was curious. "What trick is that my dear," she asked. Little Johnny replied, "I heard daddy tell mommy that he would climb the damn walls if you came to visit us again."
THE HISTORY OF PUBS
First of all, lets have a closer look at the etymology of the word pub!
Here it is:
pub - 1859, slang shortening of public house, which originally meant "any building open to the public" (1574), then "inn that provides food and is licensed to sell ale, wine, and spirits" (1669), and finally "tavern" (1768). Pub crawl first attested 1910 in British slang.
The Unique English Pub
The Rovers Return, the Queen Vic, the Bull and the Woolpack are all well known English pubs, but you can't have a drink in any of them. That's because they exist only in soap-opera fiction. They illustrate how the pub is at the heart of the community, in villages, towns and cities, all over England.
The pub is more than just a shop where drinks are sold and consumed. For centuries it has been a place where friends meet, colleagues 'talk shop' and business people negotiate deals. The place where people gather to celebrate, play games or to seek quiet relaxation. Due to changes in the law, the pub is now a place for families. It is re-establishing itself as the place to eat, a tradition that all but disappeared after the last war. Many provide affordable accommodation, particularly in rural areas. In remote communities pubs often serve a dual role, such as church or post office.
How has the pub evolved its unique role in English life?
Today we talk about the 'pub' but this is a term invented by the Victorians, an abbreviation of 'public house'. It was the Romans who gave England its first 'pubs' almost two thousand years ago. In Roman towns tabernae served food and wine (and probably the local ale too), they displayed vine leaves outside to advertise their trade. When the Romans left, the tabernae disappeared.
Over the next few centuries invaders came and went, and occasionally settled. One thing all the invaders had in common was their fondness for drinking. They had a particular thirst for ale, which was brewed using malted barley, water and yeast. It was sweet and often powerful, but was easily soured and did not keep. Skill was needed to produce good