2004.11.16 - RSPCA

2004.11.16 - RSPCA


 

Welcome

5 Perc Angol
2004. november

 

Szia!

A mai hírlevelünk az RSPCA (állatok elleni er"oszak ellenes szervezet Angliában) történetével foglalkozik. A héten még fogunk az állatokkal foglalkozni egy szókincsb"ovítés keretében, de addig is jó tanulást! Addig is várom a kérdéseket, kéréseket!

Üdv,

Nóri

MAI TÉMA

 

 

 

About the RSPCA - History

 

Preparing the way

In 1822, Richard Martin MP piloted the first anti-cruelty bill giving cattle, horses and sheep a degree of protection through parliament.

World first

`Humanity Dick´ as he was known, was one of the 22 founders of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals which was launched in London in 1824. The SPCA became the first national animal protection society in the world.

No compassion

At that time, compassion for animals was regarded as bizarre. Animals were regarded as little more than commodities supplying food, transport or sport.

 

Changing attitudes

In its early years the Society´s major campaign was to win over the hearts and minds of the general public, and to change people´s indifference to animal cruelty.

Cruelty exposed

The 181 convictions for cruelty that the Society achieved during 1832 - the first year such figures were recorded in its annual report - made a telling impact on public opinion about the treatment of animals.

Royal approval

By 1840 the Society´s work was held in such high regard that Queen Victoria gave her permission for the SPCA to be called the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

Law enforcement

Its practical welfare work developed quickly. The single inspector appointed in London to check on markets and slaughterhouses, was joined by others. Together they formed a law enforcement body that pre-dated the police force.

National network

News of the work of the Society spread outside London. By 1842, campaigners in Bath, Brighton, Bristol, Coventry and Scarborough had all requested the appointment of an inspector of their own.

Sufficient funds

With the increasing number of donations and bequests the Society was attracting, there were funds to expand beyond the capital.

Branches established

Regional inspectors were appointed, with local campaigners promising to raise ?20 a year towards `their´ inspector´s wages. This development created the nucleus of a national network of 187 branches in England and Wales that exists today.  

annual report                                        éves jelentés
anti-cruelty                                           kegyetlenség elleni
appointed                                             kijelölt
attracting                                              vonzó
bequest                                                hagyaték
bill                                                        törvényjavaslat
bizarre                                                  bizarr
campaign                                              kampány
capital                                                  t"oke
cattle                                                    szarvasmarha
commodity                                           árucikk
compassion                                          könyörület, szánalom
conviction                                             meggy"oz"odés, hit
degree of protection                              védelmi szint
donation                                               adomány, adakozás
enforcement                                          végrehajtás
founder                                     alapító
fund                                                      forrás, t"oke
indifference to something                       közömbösség valami iránt
inspector                                              felügyel"o, ellen"or
law enforcement body               törvény végrehajtó testület
MP                                                      Member of Parliament =országgy"ulési képvisel"o
network                                                hálózat
nucleus of something                             atommag = valaminek a középpontja
prevention                                            megel"ozés
public opinion                                       közvélemény
royal                                                     királyi
slaughterhouse                          mészárszék, vágóhíd
society                                                  társaság, társadalom
to achieve sth                                        elérni valamit
to be held in high regard                        magas megbecsülésben van
to be regarded as something                  valamit valaminek tartani
to expand                                             kiterjed
to launch a bill                           törvényjavaslatot kezdeményez                        
to make an impact on something            hatással/kihatással/befolyással lenni valamire
to pilot                                      irányít, kalauzol, kormányoz                             
to promise                                            megígér
to raise                                                 megemel
to record something                              rögzíteni valamit (adat, hang stb)
to spread                                              terjed, elterjed
to supply                                              ellát
to win over                                           megnyer magának, maga oldalára állít
wage                                                    bér (általában heti)

source:

http://www.rspca.org.uk/servlet/Satellite?pagename=RSPCA/News/NewsFeature

 

 


©2004 Millennium Idegennyelvi Központ. 1054 Budapest, Szemere utca 21. Tel:061/3534-209 - info@mlc2000.com
www.mlc2000.com

www.5percangol.hu

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