2005.02.14 - The History of Valentine's Day

2005.02.14 - The History of Valentine's Day

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5 Perc Angol online magazin 2005. február 14.

Szia!

Remélem, kellemesen telt a hétvégéd, és most kipihenten újra nekivághatunk a hét tananyagának. A mai hírlevél - mert ez nem lehetett kihagyni - a Valentin napról szól, annak eredetér?l és szokásairól. Szerdán és pénteken pedig a levélírás szabályaival és formáival fogunk foglalkozni sokak kérésére.

Holnap pedig egy rövid kis fényképes "tudósítást" adok a szombati 5 perc party-ról :)

Jó tanulást!
Üdv,
Nóri

www.5percangol.hu

THE HISTORY
OF
VALENTINE'S DAY

Valentines Day History

There are varying opinions as to the origin of Valentine's Day. Some experts state that it originated from St. Valentine, a Roman who was martyred for refusing to give up Christianity. He died on February 14, 269 A.D., the same day that had been devoted to love lotteries. Legend also says that St. Valentine left a farewell note for the jailer's daughter, who had become his friend, and signed it "From Your Valentine". Other aspects of the story say that Saint Valentine served as a priest at the temple during the reign of Emperor Claudius. Claudius then had Valentine jailed for defying him. In 496 A.D. Pope Gelasius set aside February 14 to honour St. Valentine.

Gradually, February 14 became the date for exchanging love messages and St. Valentine became the patron saint of lovers. The date was marked by sending poems and simple gifts such as flowers. There was often a social gathering or a ball.

In the United States, Miss Esther Howland is given credit for sending the first valentine cards. Commercial valentines were introduced in the 1800's and now the date is very commercialised. The town of Loveland, Colorado, does a large post office business around February 14. The spirit of good continues as valentines are sent out with sentimental verses and children exchange valentine cards at school.

The History of Saint Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day started in the time of the Roman Empire. In ancient Rome, February 14th was a holiday to honour Juno. Juno was the Queen of the Roman Gods and Goddesses. The Romans also knew her as the Goddess of women and marriage. The following day, February 15th, began the Feast of Lupercalia.

The lives of young boys and girls were strictly separate. However, one of the customs of the young people was name drawing. On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and placed into jars. Each young man would draw a girl's name from the jar and would then be partners for the duration of the festival with the girl whom he chose. Sometimes the pairing of the children lasted an entire year, and often, they would fall in love and would later marry.

St. Valentine's Story

Let me introduce myself. My name is Valentine. I lived in Rome during the third century. That was long, long ago! At that time, Rome was ruled by an emperor named Claudius. I didn't like Emperor Claudius, and I wasn't the only one! A lot of people shared my feelings.

Claudius wanted to have a big army. He expected men to volunteer to join. Many men just did not want to fight in wars. They did not want to leave their wives and families. As you might have guessed, not many men signed up. This made Claudius furious. So what happened? He had a crazy idea. He thought that if men were not married, they would not mind joining the army. So Claudius decided not to allow any more marriages. Young people thought his new law was cruel. I thought it was preposterous! I certainly wasn't going to support that law!

Did I mention that I was a priest? One of my favourite activities was to marry couples. Even after Emperor Claudius passed his law, I kept on performing marriage ceremonies - secretly, of course. It was really quite exciting. Imagine a small candlelit room with only the bride and groom and myself. We would whisper the words of the ceremony, listening all the while for the steps of soldiers.

One night, we did hear footsteps. It was scary! Thank goodness the couple I was marrying escaped in time. I was caught. (Not quite as light on my feet as I used to be, I guess.) I was thrown in jail and told that my punishment was death.

I tried to stay cheerful. And do you know what? Wonderful things happened. Many young people came to the jail to visit me. They threw flowers and notes up to my window. They wanted me to know that they, too, believed in love.

One of these young people was the daughter of the prison guard. Her father allowed her to visit me in the cell. Sometimes we would sit and talk for hours. She helped me to keep my spirits up. She agreed that I did the right thing by ignoring the Emperor and going ahead with the secret marriages. On the day I was to die, I left my friend a little note thanking her for her friendship and loyalty. I signed it, "Love from your Valentine."

I believe that note started the custom of exchanging love messages on Valentine's Day. It was written on the day I died, February 14, 269 A.D. Now, every year on this day, people remember. But most importantly, they think about love and friendship. And when they think of Emperor Claudius, they remember how he tried to stand in the way of love, and they laugh -- because they know that love can't be beaten!

Valentine Traditions

In Wales wooden love spoons were carved and given as gifts on February 14th. Hearts, keys and keyholes were favourite decorations on the spoons. The decoration meant, "You unlock my heart!"

In the Middle Ages, young men and women drew names from a bowl to see who their valentines would be. They would wear these names on their sleeves for one week. To wear your heart on your sleeve now means that it is easy for other people to know how you are feeling.

In some countries, a young woman may receive a gift of clothing from a young man. If she keeps the gift, it means she will marry him.

Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine's Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire.

GLOSSARY FOR THIS UNIT

A.D.

ancient
army
aspect of sth
ball
candelit
cell
cheerful
Christianity
commercialised
Cruel
custom
during the reign of Emperor Claudius
emperor
eve of the festival
expert
farewell
for the duration of the festival
furious
god
godess
goldflinch
gradually
jailer
law
legend
loyalhty
Love can't be beaten!
marriage ceremony
millionaire
note
option
patron saint of lovers
preposterous
priest
prison guard
punishment
robin
the Roman Empire
sailor
scary
sentimental verses
simple gift
sleeves
slips of paper
social gathering
sparrow
strictly separated
temple
Thank goodness!
the Middle Ages
to be jailed for defying sy
to be martyred
to be thrown in jail
to carve
to devote sth to sth
to draw names from a bow
to escape
to exchange love messages
to expect sy to do sth
to fly overhead
to give up
to go ahead with sth
to honour sth
to ignore
to introduce sth
to keep doing sth
to keep sy's spirits up
to allow sy to do sth
to mark sth
to marry couples
to originate from
to place sth in a jar
to refuse
to serve as a priest
to set sth aside
to shared sy's feelings
to sign up
to stand in the way of love
to state
to whisper
varying
volunteer
wooden spoon
to join sth
Anno Domini, id?számítás után/ellentéte: B.C. =
Before Christ: Krisztus el?tt
ókori
hadsereg
vminek a szempontja
bál
gyertyafényes
zárka
vidám
kereszténység
elüzletiesedett
kegyetlen
szokás
Claudius császár uralkodása alatt
császár
a fesztivál el?estéje
szakért?
búcsú
a fesztivál ideje alatt
dühös, mérges, tomboló
isten
istenn?
tengelic
fokozatosan
börtön?r
törvény
legenda
h?ség
A szerelmet nem lehet legy?zni!
házassági szertartás
milliomos
üzenet, levélke, feljegyzés
választás, opció
a szerelmesek véd?szentje
abszurd, lehetetlen, ostoba
pap
börtön?r
büntetés
vörösbegy
a Római Birodalom
tengerész
félelmetes
érzelmes verssorok
egyszer? ajándék
ruhaujj
papírdarabka
társasági összejövetel
veréb
szigorúan elkülönítve
templom
Hála Istennek!
Középkor
bebörtönözve lenni vminek való ellenszegülés miatt
mártír halált halni
börtönbe vetve lenni
faragni
vminek szentelni vmit
kihúzni neveket egy tálból
megszökni
szerelmes üzeneteket váltani
elvárni vkit?l, hogy csináljon vmit
fej felett repülni
feladni
folytatni vmit
becsül, kitüntet, megtisztel
semmibe vesz, nem tör?dik vmivel
bevezetni vmit
valamit nem hagy abba
jobb kedvre derít vkit
megengedi vkine, hogy csináljon vmit
megjelöl vmit
összeadni párokat
vhonnan ered
beletenni valamit egy bödönbe
visszautasít
papként szolgálni
félretesz, eltekint vmit?l
osztozni vki érzelmeiben
szerz?dik,leszerz?dik
a szerelem útjába állni
állít, kifejez vmit
suttog
változó
önkéntes
fakanál
csatlakozni vmihez
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