Types of driving licence in the UK
There are 2 types of driving licence in the UK:
A driving licence is either a 'provisional' licence or a 'full' licence.
Provisional driving licence
You must apply for a provisional licence if:-
- you have never had a full licence; or
- you are unable to show you are entitled to a full driving licence.
If you want to drive a motorbike, and are applying for a provisional licence, you should indicate this on the application form. If you already have a full licence covering groups B, C1, D1 or P, you can use it automatically as a provisional licence for driving a motorbike.
Restrictions on the use of a provisional licence
A provisional licence has certain restrictions on its use. If you have a provisional licence to drive a motorbike:-
- you must not drive a motorbike that is above 125cc, in Northern Ireland, in addition, you must not drive a motorbike that is above 14.6bhp
- In England, Wales and Scotland, you must not drive a motorbike on a public road unless you have taken or are in the process of taking a compulsory basic training course
- you must not carry a passenger on the motorbike
- you must display 'L' plates ('D' plates in Wales) on the front and back of the vehicle
- you must not drive on a motorway.
If you have a provisional licence to drive a car or other vehicle (except a motorbike):-
- you must display 'L' plates on the front and back of the vehicle (or 'D' plates in Wales)
- you must not drive on a motorway
- if the vehicle has more than one seat, you must have someone with you whenever you are driving. The person supervising you must sit in the front passenger seat and be fit to drive the vehicle, for example, they must not be drunk. They must also be aged 21 or over and have had a full driving licence for at least three years.
However, if you have passed a driving test and are still waiting to receive a full licence you are not subject to the above restrictions.
Full driving licence
You are entitled to apply for a full driving licence if you have passed a driving test in the UK within the previous two years.
Restrictions on the use of a full licence
A full licence does not have any restrictions on its use other than those relating to:-
- the age of the driver
- supervision of learner drivers
- the type of vehicle the licence covers
- the medical condition of the driver, for example, defective eyesight which cannot be corrected by glasses. You must tell the DVLA about any health condition that might affect your ability to drive
- in Northern Ireland, once you have passed your driving test, you must display 'R' plates at the front and back of the vehicle for one year. You must not exceed the speed of 45 mph.
GLOSSARY FOR THIS UNIT
to apply for sth
to be entitled to sth
to be subject to sth
to be unable to do sth
'T' jelzés (tanulóvezet?)
alávetve lenni vminek
képtelen vmit csinálni
fed, lefed, magába foglal
mutat, bemutat, kitesz, kiállít