Hollókő, the jewellery box of Hungary

Hollókő, the jewellery box of Hungary

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Egy rövid olvasmány Hollókőről - természetesen szószedettel. 

Real, honest, and authentic. These are the words that best characterize this small village, where only 380 people live altogether.

Hollókő is a traditional Hungarian village, titled many times as the most beautiful Hungarian village. It has also been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987.

The village is situated in the Cserhát Mountains and is well-known for its over a hundred-year-old houses. This little jewellery box is about an hour drive from Budapest. Arriving there, a large black raven indicates that we are at the right place. The village has two main parts: the old village and the new village. The older part has 58 traditional houses, built in Palóc style after 1909, remaining loyal to the original style from the 17th century, but there are 67 protected peasant houses altogether in the village.

The buildings have gable roofs and porches with wooden breast walls, decorated with open-work carvings. The traditional 17th century Palóc style interiorconsists of three distinct rooms. From the porch, you enter a cooking-dining area, but in wintertime is was also the best place to sleep, being nice and warm around the stove. The larder is right next to the kitchen area. Cereals and other agricultural equipment were stored here but is was also used as a bedroom by the elderly. The so-called clean room, with a view of the street, was the most respected part of the house. In Hollókő it was not only kept for guests – as in other regions in Hungary – but was also occupied by the man of the house and his family.

In the heart of the old village, there is also a beautiful Catholic church from 1889, with wooden towers and shingled roofs. Also, the Doll Museum and the Village Museum are to be found here. Some houses run handicraft workshops, where you can try pottery and weaving, if interested. Others are museums, exhibition houses, or provide accommodation with traditional furniture.

The Palóc cuisine is at least as famous as the buildings in the village, so it’s obligatory to try the traditional dishes when visiting. The most famous of them is undoubtedly the Palóc goulash, which was first prepared by János Gundel for Kálmán Mikszáth, the “greatest Palóc person”. The soup resembles the sour potato or bean soup, which is so popular here. Other Palóc dishes include, haluska (similar to sztrapacska), ganca (similar to dödölle), herőce (a dessert, similar to forgácsfánk) and ferentő (a raised dough, usually eaten with poppy seed and sugar).

There are numerous traditional restaurants in the village – the most popular are Muskátli Restaurant, Katalin Csárda and Vár Restaurant – offering classic Hungarian and Palóc dishes, but you can taste real Palóc flavours at some families, too.

Apart from the scrumptious food, the village is also famous for its traditional Palóc folk costumes, which are worn not only by the elderly but also by young men and women, especially at weddings and family events.

The traditional wear includes men putting on black pants and boots, a fine linen shirt, a ribbon around their waist and a round hat on their head. Women wear numerous decorated skirts. During workdays, back in time, they used to wear two skirts, but during festivities they had seven or eight underskirts under a beautiful silk or cashmere skirt. Girls would wear as many as fifteen to twenty ironed underskirts at a time. Over that, they would usually wear little, richly embroidered silk aprons, and on top, lace bodices and shoulder scarves lined with decorative tassels. The perfect look would be finished up by lacquered boots.

Although, there are many festivities during the year, when local people put on their colourful, embroidered clothes, spring, and mostly the Easter period is a perfect time to visit this magnificent place to get closer to the traditions and to see men sprinkling women with water, craftsmen selling handmade products and ensembles playing folk music at its best. 

Vocabulary

authentic

autentikus, hiteles, igazi

to be titled as

valamilyen címmel illetve lenni

World Heritage

Világörökség

to be well-known for

jól ismertnek lenni valamiről

raven

holló

to indicate

jelezni, mutatni

to be loyal to

hűségesnek lenni valamihez

peasant house

parasztház

gable roof

nyeregtető

porch

veranda

carving

faragás

distinct

jól megkülönböztethető

stove

kályha, tűzhely

larder

kamra

cereal

gabonaféle

agricultural equipment

mezőgazdasági eszköz

to be stored

tárolva lenni

so-called

úgynevezett

clean room

tisztaszoba

to be respected

tisztelve lenni

to be occupied by

valaki által elfoglalva lenni

shingled roof

zsindelytető

handicraft workshop

kézműves foglalkozás

pottery

fazekasság

weaving

szövés

to provide

lehetővé tenni, biztosítani

cuisine

konyhaművészet

obligatory

kötelező

undoubtedly

kétségkívül

to resemble

emlékeztet valamire, hasonlít

raised dough

kelt tészta

poppy seed

mák

apart from

valamin kívül

scrumptious

pompás, fenséges, nagyon finom

wear

viselet

linen

vászon

ribbon

szalag

underskirt

alsószoknya

richly embroidered

gazdagon hímzett

silk apron

selyem kötény

bodice

itt: pruszlik

tassel

rojt

lacquered boots

lakkcsizma

craftsmen

kézművesek, mesteremberek

handmade

kézzel készült, házi

ensemble

együttes

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