Magyar eredetű szavak az angolban
Magyar eredetű szavak az angolban

Magyar eredetű szavak az angolban

Angolból sok szó kerül át a magyar nyelvbe. De gondolnátok-e, hogy ez fordítva is igaz, és az angolban is vannak magyar eredetű szavak? Bizony vannak, és nem is egy. Nézzük meg ezeket!

List of English words of Hungarian origin

biro = golyóstoll

From László Bíró, the Hungarian inventor of the ballpoint pen.

coach  = kocsi

From kocsi, a horse‐drawn wagon with springs above the axles. Named after the village of Kocs in which this type of vehicle was invented. The verb 'to coach' is also derived from this root.

czardas = csárdás

From csárdás, a Hungarian folk dance. Csárda also means 'tavern'.

Dobos torte or Dobosh = dobostorta

From Dobos torta, "Dobos cake". After confectioner József C. Dobos.

friska = a csárdás gyors része

From friss, a fast section of music, often associated with czardas dances.

goulash = gulyás

From gulyás, a type of stew known in Hungarian as gulyás. Gulyás also means 'herdsman' dealing with cattle, as the noun gulya is the Hungarian word for cattle herd.

hajduk = bandita

From hajdúk, "bandits". Outlaw, guerilla fighter. The original Hungarian meaning was "cattle drover". A hajduk is a type of peasant irregular infantry found in Central and Southeast Europe from the early 17th to mid 19th centuries. They have reputations ranging from bandits to freedom fighters depending on time, place, and their enemies.

halászlé

,or Fisherman's Soup, a very hot and spicy river fish soup with a lot of paprika. (The actual Hungarian halászlé is not always made with hot paprika, unlike the internationally-known soup.)

hussar = huszár

From Hungarian huszár, a light cavalry soldier. The Hungarian word originally meant "freebooter" and was further derived via Old Serbian husar, gusar, gursar ("pirate") from Italian corsaro ("pirate"), i.e. the same root as that of English corsair.

Itsy-bitsy = icipici

is sometimes linked to Hungarian ici-pici ("tiny") but is regarded as an unrelated English formation by English dictionaries.

komondor

A big Hungarian breed of livestock guardian dog, looking like big mop, always white.

kuvasz

A big Hungarian breed of shepherd dog, always white.

lassan

From lassú, "slowly". a slow section of music, often associated with czardas dances.

palacsinta

a form of pancake popular throughout central Europe

paprika

a spice produced from the ground, dried fruits of Capsicum annuum, a red pepper

puli

A small Hungarian breed of shepherd dog, also looking like a mop, usually black or white.

pusta

From puszta, a kind of Hungarian steppe.

sabre (UK) or saber (US) = szablya, kard

From French (sabre, sable), ultimately from an unknown source in a language of Eastern origin, possibly through Hungarian szablya.

shako or tsako = csákó

From csákó süveg, 'peaked cap', a stiff military hat with a high crown and plume.

tokaji or tokay

From tokaji aszú, the name of the wine from Tokaj, the centre of the local wine-growing district Tokaj-Hegyalja.

verbunkos

a Hungarian men's folk dance and musical style (itself coming from German Werbung - meaning "military recruitment" here).

vizsla or vizla

From vizsla, a Hungarian breed of hunting dog.

source: wikipedia

Vocabulary

inventor

feltaláló

ballpoint pen

golyóstoll

horse‐drawn wagon

lovaskocsi

spring

rugó

axle

tengely

to derive

eredni, származni

root

folk dance

néptánc

tavern

csárda, kocsma

confectioner

cukrász

herdsman

gulyás, marhapásztor

cattle

szarvasmarha

cattle herd

marhacsorda

outlaw

bandita

cattle drover

marhahajcsár

peasant

paraszt

infantry

gyalogság

reputation

hírnév

enemy

ellenség

spicy

fűszeres

cavalry

lovasság

freebooter

martalóc, kalóz

pirate

kalóz

breed

fajta

livestock guardian dog

juhászkutya

mop

felmosófej

shepherd dog

juhászkutya

spice

fűszer

peaked

csúcsos

plume

sisakforgó

recruitment

toborzás

hunting dog

vadászkutya

Nehézségi szint:

minden szint
Tetszett a lecke? Oszd meg barátaiddal is!
Hozzászólások
comments powered by Disqus
A címlapról
Alapfok
Szalai Nóri | 2018. Feb 11.

A Valentin-nap története

Olvasd el, és hallgasd meg a Valentin-nap történetét!
2018 februári szám
Szalai Nóri | 2018. Jan 26.

MEGJELENT A MAGAZIN 2018 FEBRUÁRI SZÁMA!

Már kapható a nyomtatott 5 Perc Angol Magazin 2018 februári száma! Keresd az újságárusoknál, hiper-...
Tananyagok
Szalai Nóri | 2018. Jan 11.

Hasznos munkahelyi párbeszédek: Időbeosztás megvitatása

Ez a párbeszéd a segítségedre lehet, ha a munkahelyeden az időbeosztást szeretnéd megbeszélni angolul. 
Kérdés küldése