Banned! 8 things you won't find in China

Banned! 8 things you won’t find in China

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10 dolog, amivel biztos nem találkozol, ha Kínában jársz:)

Banned! 8 things you won't find in China

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Change is afoot in China economic reforms are underway. But in many areas, there's still a long way to go.

Try using Twitter for example. Too bad!

The social media platform can't be accessed from within the so-called Great Firewall of China, a censorship project operated for more than a decade by the Communist Party.

Thousands of websites cannot be viewed inside China either, but social media platforms draw special attention from censors.

Google

Gmail is the latest Google service to be severely restricted by Chinese regulators.

Other Google offerings including Search, Sites, Picasa and YouTube are also currently disrupted, according to the company.

Google has for years engaged in a running battle with Beijing over censorship. In 2010, Google redirected search traffic from Mainland China to its uncensored Hong Kong and largely pulled out of the market. The relationship has improved little since then.

Determined users can still access Gmail using a Virtual Private Network (VPN), which for a fee allow subscribers to circumvent the Great Firewall.

Meanwhile, homegrown streaming video sites Youku, Sohu and iQiyi are very popular in China.

Facebook

Chinaturned out the lights on Facebook in 2009, and there are no signs that Beijing plans to restore access to the U.S. - based social media platform.

China-based social media sites are allowed to operate in the country, which helps to promote the domestic tech industry. Still, these platforms are heavily censored. Domestic operators accept this as a fact of life, while western tech firms are much less likely to give up control.

Foreign films

Chinese regulators allow only 34 foreign films to be shown in theaters each year, severely limiting access to the latest Hollywood blockbusters.

Approved films still face the heavy hand of government censors, who cut anything the Communist Party considers offensive or subversive.

Despite the commercial advantage it gives them, Chinese filmmakers are likely to continue to bump heads with Beijing over censorship. China heaped praise on Taiwan-born director Ang Lee when he won the Academy Award for Best Director in 2005. His film, Brokeback Mountain, was never shown in China.

Casinos

Beijing outlawed gambling in 1949, and casinos are not allowed to operate in China. Yet many Chinese have an inclination toward games of chance, a tradition that dates back thousands of years.

Today, the ban doesn't stop entrepreneurial Chinese from setting up underground gambling operations and private lotteries.

The policy has also given rise to a ring of casinos that operate just outside Beijing's reach. The most notable of these territories is Macau, which boasts a casino industry that is seven times larger than Las Vegas.

Websites

Beijingblocks access to thousands of websites at any given time, including social media platforms and websites that host pornography.

Censors also prohibit Internet users from visiting sites that criticize the Communist Party or address sensitive issues such as human rights.

Search results and social media chatter are also censored, forcing Internet users to come up with a clever alternate language to discuss news or historical events like the Tiananmen Square protests and crackdown.

The massive censorship project has been dubbed the Great Firewall of China, and using a Virtual Private Network or secure proxy are the only ways to access forbidden websites.

Books

China's General Administration of Press and Publication screens all books before publication in China, and censorship is standard procedure.

Critical talk regarding human rights, Tibet or the Communist Party is off limits. Reporting on the wealth of Chinese officials is also forbidden.

Publishers that skirt the rules are quickly shut down, leaving authors with a choice: Agree to censorship or forfeit access to 1.4 billion potential readers.

Books are often smuggled into China from jurisdictions including Hong Kong, where publishers enjoy more freedom. Bookstores in the city overflow with works on everything from President Xi Jinping to the devastating Chinese famine that killed upwards of 45 million people during the Great Leap Forward.

Snapchat

Facebook and Twitter aren't the only social media platforms blocked in China. Chinese users are unable to access Snapchat, either.

Keeping western firms out has given Chinese tech companies ample time to develop their own networks.

A few of those homegrown platforms are now flourishing.

Source: CNN

Vocabulary

to ban

betiltani

to be afoot

folyamatban van

to be underway

úton, folyamatban van

too bad

ugyan már, nem fog menni

social media platforms

közösségi média felületek

firewall

tűzfal

censorship

cenzúra

severely

súlyosan

to restrict

korlátozni

regulator

szabályozó

currently

aktuálisan

to disrupt

megszakítani, rombolni, zavarni

to engage in

rész venni, belebocsátkozni valamibe

running

folyamatosan zajló

battle

csata, harc

Beijing

Peking

to pull out

kiszállni

determined

eltökélt

subscriber

előfizető

to circumvent

megkerülni

homegrown

hazai fejlesztésű

to promote

előmozdítani, propagálni

domestic

hazai, belföldi

a fact of life

az élet velejárója

theatre

filmszínház, mozi

blockbusters

kasszasiker film

approved

engedélyezett

offensive

sértő

subversive

felforgató

commercial

hirdetés

to bump heads

összeütközni, konfliktusba keveredni

to heap praise

elhalmozni dicsérettel

BrokebackMountain

Túl a barátságon

to outlaw

törvényen kívül helyezni

gambling

szerencsejáték

to have an inclination

hajlamosnak lenni valamire

game of chance

szerencsejáték

entrepreneurial

vállalkozó kedvű

underground

illegális, földalatti

outside somebody’s reach

kívül esik a hatókörén

notable

jelentős

to host

helyet adni

to address

felvetni

sensitive issues

érzékeny kérdések

human rights

emberi jogok

crackdown

rajtaütés, erőszakos támadás

off limits

nem megengedett

to skirt the rules

figyelmen kívül hagyni a szabályokat

to forfeit

elveszíteni

to smuggle

csempészni

jurisdictions

közigazgatási terület

devastating

pusztító

famine­

éhínség

The Great Leap Forward

Nagy ugrás

ample time

elegendő idő

to flourish

virágozni

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