A kihalófélben lévő tasmániai ördögök visszakerülnek az ausztrál vadonba

A kihalófélben lévő tasmániai ördögök visszakerülnek az ausztrál vadonba

Facebook Tweet

A kihalás veszélyének küszöbén álló tasmán ördögöket, melyek már csak az Ausztráliához tartozó Tasmánia szigeten találhatóak, újra honosítják az ausztrál vadonban.

Tasmanian devils have been reintroduced into the wild in mainland Australia for the first time in 3,000 years.

Conservationgroups released 26 of the mammals into a large sanctuary in Barrington Tops, north of Sydney.

It's thought that packs of dingoes helped eradicate them on the mainland.

There are still some on the island state of Tasmania but their numbers have dwindled over the past two decades.

The Tasmanian devil, classified as endangered, gets its name from its high-pitch squeal and is renowned for fighting over access to animal carcases, which it grinds with the bone-crushing force of its jaws.

Animal experts say they pose no threat to humans or agriculture.

Conservation group Aussie Ark worked with other animal groups to release the Tasmanian devils into the 1,000-acre fenced sanctuary. The animals have been placed in the sanctuary to help keep their chances of survival high. They have no supplied food, water or shelter.

The first group of 15 were released in March. After the animals showed signs of thriving in their environment, a further 11 were released in September.

Young, healthy Tasmanian devils were selected in the hope they would be ready for breeding season, set to begin in February.

"They're free. They're out there," Tim Faulkner, president of Aussie Ark, told National Geographic. "We've got some basic means of keeping an eye on them. But essentially, now it's over to the devils to do what they do."

Another 40 are set to be released into the sanctuary over the next two years.

It's estimated that there are fewer than 25,000 devils in the wild in Tasmania. During the 1990s, there were as many as 150,000 but the animal population was hit by a deadly mouth cancer that drastically cut numbers.

The Tasmanian devil isn't the first animal to be reintroduced into the wild. In the 1990s, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park in the US after they were hunted to eradication. By 1996, 31 wolves had been introduced to the park. A count in 2019 found there are now 61 wolves in eight packs there.

In the UK, conservationists have taken part in a five-year trial to reintroduce beavers. During the trial, which concluded earlier this year, two families of beavers bred on the River Otter in Devon. The animals, once native to Britain, were hunted to extinction around 400 years ago.

source: BBC News

 

A cikk elolvasása után válaszolj a kérdésekre a cikkben olvasottak alapján.

  1.   What did the dingoes do with the devils?
     
  2.   How many devils were released until September?
     
  3.   How will conservationists help the devils in the wild?
     
  4.   What disease hit the Tasmanian devil population?
     
  5.   What animals were first reintroduced in the USA?
     
  6.   What happened to the beavers 400 years ago?

 

 

 

Keys/Megoldások:

  1. They helped eradicate the devils.; 2.  26; 3. They will watch them, but devils will be left to do what they do.; 4. a deadly mouth cancer; 5. wolves; 6. People hunted them and they became extinct.
Vocabulary

Tasmanian devil

tasmán/erszényes ördög

to reintroduce

újrahonosítani/visszavinni a természetes élőhelyre

Conservation groups

természet védő/környezet védő csoportok

to release

elengedni/útjára bocsátani

fenced sanctuary

kerítéssel körbevett védett terület

dingoes

dingók/ausztrál vadkutyák

to eradicate

megsemmisíteni/kiirtani

to dwindle

csökkenni/fogyni (számban)

high-pitch squeal

éles/magas hangú rikítás/sikítás

to be renowned for

híresnek/nevezetesnek lenni valamiről

carcases

tetemek

to grind

aprítani

bone-crushing

csontot-összetörő/összezúzó

jaws

állkapcsok

to posethreat to

fenyegetést jelenteni

agriculture

mezőgazdaság

supplied

valamivel ellátott

shelter

menedék

to thrive

boldogulni

breeding season

párzási időszak

beavers

hódok

to conclude a trial

befejezni/végig vinni egy vizsgálatot/kísérletet

Tetszett a lecke? Oszd meg barátaiddal is!
Kapcsolódó anyagok
Szalai Nóri | 2020. Aug 18.

Amazing Animals - Oprhaned Elephants

Ezt a cikket a 2020 szeptemberi szám 25. oldalán olvashatod el. 
Tovább
Szalai Nóri | 2019. Sep 27.

Amazing Animals - Nature Captured

Ezt a cikket a 2019. októberi szám 26. oldalán olvashatod el. 
Tovább
Szalai Nóri | 2019. Mar 21.

Amazing Animals - Animals from a new perspective

Ezt a cikket a 2019 áprilisi szám 26. oldalán olvashatod el. 
Tovább