10 Interesting Facts about the Iconic London Double Decker

10 érdekes tény a londoni emeletes buszokról

Utaztál már londoni piros emeletes buszon? Érdekes tényeket olvashatsz róluk ebben a leckében, és más londoni nevezetességekről is szó lesz a párosítós feladatban.

The Routemaster double decker bus is one of the most iconic parts of London that isn’t fixed to the ground. Like the black cab, it’s immediately identifiable with the city and even today influences the look of new buses that move through London’s streets. Premiering in 1954 and in production until 1968, these incredibly sturdy vehicles outlasted many of their successors and (with some upgrades) are still running today for tours and other organisations. While the New Routemaster has taken on its predecessor’s responsibilities, there’s still plenty of love for the old girl and many interesting facts about this transportation icon.

Long-Lasting

Over a fourteen year period, Associated Equipment Company built 2,876 Routemaster buses. As stated above, they proved to be incredibly resilient and long-lived, and today there are 1,280 still in existence (though some survive more as museum pieces).

Replacement

The Routemaster was designed to replace the old trolley buses, which had served London for over 30 years along 68 routes that were powered by overhead electrical wires. The original diesel buses were ordered in 1935, but with the onset of the war, production did not pick up again until 1947. The first prototype came out in 1954 and the first Routemaster saw service in 1956. The Routemaster itself was not replaced until the New Routemaster in 2012.

Wrong Colour?

If you see a Green Routemaster, your eyes aren’t deceiving you. It’s still owned by London Transport and serves their country division.

Seeing Red

Prior to 1907, the colour of a bus actually determined which route it followed. London General Omnibus Company wanted to make their buses stand out against the fierce competition for service, so they painted their entire fleet red. Some predictable confusion led the Metropolitan Police to suggest that LGOC add numbers to its buses to identify their routes. The Underground Group purchased LGOC in 1912, which later became part of the London Passenger Transport Board in 1933, shortened later to “London Transport”.

Silver and Gold

In keeping with Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s silver and golden jubilees, some Routemasters were repainted in those colours in 1977 and 2002, respectively.

Phantom Bus

Allegedly, a ghostly Routemaster Number 7 drives up the middle of the street in Cambridge Gardens with no lights, no passengers, and no driver! It was last spotted in 1990.

All Aboard!

One of the most popular features of the original Routemaster was its rear platform that made it easy to board and alight the bus, even while it was moving. A rear conductor would stand on the platform to help people on board and take their tickets or fees, but eventually the job was phased out. However, the convenience of the rear platform wasn’t without some danger, and in 2013, former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone revealed to ITV that approximately twelve people per year died from falling off the platform during his time in office.

Not a Routemaster

The famous Night Bus from Harry Potter, which was first seen on film in the adaptation of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, was not actually made from a Routemaster. Instead, it was constructed out of three Regent III RT buses. The Regent III was the immediate predecessor to the Routemaster and ran from 1939 to 1979.

Ride an Original

While many of the original Routemasters have been taken out of service, there are still a couple operating on heritage routes that are still available to passengers. Route 9 travels from Kensington High Street to Aldwych while Route 15 travels from Trafalgar Square to Tower Hill.

Ladies Who Bus

In 2009, three ladies named Linda, Mary, and Jo opted to use their Freedom Pass (available to people over 60 years old) to ride every route in numerical order. They completed their task nearly five years later and since March, 2014, have set their attention to visiting every single museum in London.

source: londontopia.net

Other iconic London sights. Which one is which?

1. London Eye

a. a wax museum

2. Madame Tussauds

b. a famous structure over the Thames

3. Westminster Abbey

c. the bell in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament

4. Tower Bridge

d. a famous church, almost all English monarchs since William the Conqueror have been crowned there

5. Big Ben

e. a giant Ferris wheel

 

Key

1. e.

2. a.

3. d.

4. b.

5. c.

Vocabulary

double decker

emeletes busz

cab

taxi

to be identifiable with

azonosítható

to influence

befolyásolni

sturdy

masszív

to outlast

túlélni, tovább tartani

successor

követő, utód

upgrade

feljavítás, fejlesztés

predecessor

előd

resilient

ellenálló, időtálló

route

útvonal

overhead electrical wires

magasan futó elektromos vezetékek

onset

kezdet

to deceive

becsapni

to stand out against

kitűnni, szembeötleni

fierce competition

éles verseny

fleet

flotta, járműpark

predictable

kiszámítható, megjósolható

to identify

azonosítani

silver

ezüst

ghostly

kísértetként felbukkanó

to be spotted

látják valahol

rear

hátsó

to alight

leszállni

conductor

kalauz

to phase out

fokozatosan megszűnik

convenience

kényelem

to reveal

elmondani, felfedni

prisoner

fogoly

in numerical order

a számozás sorrendjében, a legkisebbtől a legnagyobbig

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