Brexit: UK votes to leave EU in historic referendum

Brexit: UK votes to leave EU in historic referendum

Facebook Tweet

Ma reggelre eldőlt: Az Egyesült Királyság kilépett az Európai Unióból. 

The UK has voted to leave the European Union after 43 years in a historic referendum.

Leave won by 52% to 48% with England and Wales voting strongly for Brexit, while London, Scotland and Northern Ireland backed staying in the EU.

UKIP leader Nigel Farage hailed it as the UK's "independence day" but the Remain camp called it a "catastrophe".

The pound fell to its lowest level against the dollar since 1985 as the markets reacted to the results.

The referendum turnout was 71.8% - with more than 30 million people voting - the highest turnout at a UK election since 1992.

Wales and the majority of England outside London voted in large numbers for Brexit.

Labour's Shadow chancellor John McDonnell said the Bank of England may have to intervene to shore up the pound, which lost 3% within moments of the first result showing a strong result for Leave in Sunderland and fell as much as 6.5% against the euro.

'Independence day'

UKIP leader Nigel Farage - who has campaigned for the past 20 years for Britain to leave the EU - told cheering supporters "this will be a victory for ordinary people, for decent people".

Mr Farage - who predicted a Remain win at the start of the night afterpolls suggested that would happen - said Thursday 23 June would "go down in history as our independence day".

He called on Prime Minister David Cameron, who called the referendum but campaigned passionately for a Remain vote, to quit "immediately".

But pro-Leave Conservatives including Boris Johnson and Michael Gove have signed a letter to Mr Cameron urging him to stay on whatever the result.

Labour former Europe Minister Keith Vaz told the BBC the British people had voted with their "emotions" and rejected the advice of experts who had warned about the economic impact of leaving the EU.

He said the EU should call an emergency summit to deal with the aftermath of the vote, which he described as "catastrophic for our country, for the rest of Europe and for the rest of the world".

Germany's foreign minister Frank Walter Steinmeier described the referendum result as "a sad day for Europe and Great Britain".

But Leave supporting Tory MP Liam Fox said voters had shown great "courage" by deciding to "change the course of history" for the UK and, he hoped, the rest of Europe.

And he called for a "period of calm, a period of reflection, to let it all sink in and to work through what the actual technicalities are," insisting that Mr Cameron must stay on as PM.

Exit process

Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has said that the EU vote "makes clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" after all 32 local authority areas returned majorities for Remain.

London has voted to stay in the EU by around 60% to 40%.

However, no other region of England has voted in favour of remaining.

The referendum has underlined the social and cultural gap between London and provincial England.

Remain's defeat seems to have been primarily the product of the decisions made by voters living north of the M4.

Throughout the Midlands and the North of England the level of support for Remain was well below what was required for it to win at least 50% of the vote across the UK as a whole.

Britain would be the first country to leave the EU since its formation - but a leave vote will not immediately mean Britain ceases to be a member of the 28-nation bloc.

That process could take a minimum of two years, with Leave campaigners suggesting during the referendum campaign that it should not be completed until 2020 - the date of the next scheduled general election.

The prime minister will have to decide when to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which would give the UK two years to negotiate its withdrawal.

Once Article 50 has been triggered a country cannot rejoin without the consent of all member states.

Mr Cameron has previously said he would trigger Article 50 as soon as possible after a leave vote but Boris Johnson and Michael Gove who led the campaign to get Britain out of the EU have said he should not rush into it.

But they also said they want to make immediate changes before the UK actually leaves the EU, such as curbing the power of EU judges and limiting the free movement of workers, potentially in breach the UK's treaty obligations.

The government will also have to negotiate its future trading relationship with the EU and fix trade deals with non-EU countries.

In Whitehall and Westminster, there will now begin the massive task of unstitching the UK from more than 40 years of EU law, deciding which directives and regulations to keep, amend or ditch.

The Leave campaign argued during a bitter four-month referendum campaign that the only way Britain could "take back control" of its own affairs would be to leave the EU.

Leave dismissed warnings from economists and international bodies about the economic impact of Brexit as "scaremongering" by a self-serving elite.

And the latest news: Prime Minister David Cameron is to step down by October after the UK voted to leave the European Union.

Mr Cameron made the announcement in a statement outside Downing Street after the final result was announced.

He said he would attempt to "steady the ship" over the coming weeks and months.

source: BBC

Vocabulary

historic

történelmi

referendum

népszavazás

to back

támogatni

to hail

üdvözölni

independence day

függetlenség napja

Remain camp

maradásra voksolók tábora

market

piac

turnout

részvétel

election

választás

chancellor

pénzügyminiszter

to intervene

közbeavatkozni

to shore up

stabilizálni

cheering

éljenző, ünneplő

supporter

támogató

passionately

szenvedélyesen

emotion

érzelem

to reject

elutasítani

expert

szakértő

summit

csúcstalálkozó

aftermath

(káros) következmény

to change the course of history

megváltoztatni a történelem menetét

to sink in

leülepedni

in favour of

előnyben részesítve, mellette

provincial

vidéki

defeat

vereség

primarily

elsősorban

formation

megalakítás

to cease

megszűnni

to trigger

működésbe hozni

to negotiate

tárgyalni

withdrawal

kilépés

consent

beleegyezés, hozzájárulás

to curb

megnyirbálni

in breach

megszegve

obligation

kötelezettség

trading relationship

kereskedelmi kapcsolat

unstitching

leválasztás

to amend

módosítani

to ditch

elvetni

to take back control

újra hatalma alá vonni

to dismiss

elvetni

scaremongering

pánikkeltés, rémhírterjesztés

to step down lemondani
Nehézségi szint:
középfok
Tetszett a lecke? Oszd meg barátaiddal is!
Kapcsolódó anyagok
5Perc Angol | 2015. May 22.

EU citizens in UK face Brexit uncertainty

Ezt a cikket a magazin 7. oldalán olvashatod.
Tovább
Szalai Nóri | 2012. Jan 28.

Charities in Britain

A 2012 februári szám 56-57. oldalán olvasható cikket hallgathatod meg itt.
Tovább
Szalai Nóri | 2014. Sep 28.

The roads of Britain

Ebből a leckéből minden kiderül, amit a brit autóvezetésről tudni kell. 
Tovább
5Perc Angol | 2015. Mar 22.

Meeting and Greeting in Britain

Az alábbi leckében a helyes angol köszönési formákkal foglalkozunk. 
Tovább