Egy kis győri városkalauz, természetesen angolul!

Egy kis győri városkalauz, természetesen angolul!

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Látogassunk el a találkozások városába, azaz Győrbe, és nézzük meg a legfontosabb látnivalókat! 

Győr, the City of Meetings

The capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron County, Győr, is located in northwest Hungary, and it is the sixth-largest city in the country. Often referred to as the city of meetings, Győr is at the meeting point of three rivers: Danube, Rába and Rábca. Halfway between Budapest and Vienna, it is situated on one of the most important roads in Central Europe. It is also an important economic, industrial, ecclesiastic, educational, cultural and sports centre.

Győr has always played a significant role in the life of the region. The first large settlement here was established by the Celts during the 5th century BC. They called the town Arrabona, a name that was used for eight centuries and the abbreviation of which is still used in the German (Raab) and Slovak (Ráb) name of the city.

With the arrival of the Avars, a circular fort was built before the Magyars came here. Stephen I, the first king of Hungary, founded an episcopate and built a basilica. So, Győr became the seat of the comitatus, the newly established administrative unit equivalent to a county. The town received its Hungarian name Győr in the Middle Ages. Due to its favourable location, it became a commercial centre and an important port on the Danube.

Following the defeat at the battle of Mohács, the city was occupied for King Ferdinand I, who appointed Kristóf Lamberg as the commandant of the castle who, upon the arrival of the Turkish army in 1529 did not even attempt to defend the city but set it ablaze instead.  When the Turkish arrived, they found nothing but blackened ruins, that’s where the city’s Turkish name comes from Yanık Kala ("burnt city"). With the exception of a short period, however, Győr basically remained free of Turkish occupation.

The Baroque era conquered the city earlier than other parts of Eastern Hungary and by the mid-1600s the Baroque downtown was already formed. The town continued to flourish during the centuries that followed, and it was even granted the rank of a free royal town by Maria Theresa. Merchants, craftsmen and a number of religious orders (Jesuits, Carmelites) settled in the town building schools, churches, a hospital and also a monastery.

With the beginning of steamship traffic on the River Danube in the mid-1800s, the role of the town in trade became even more important, but Győr lost its importance in trade when the Budapest-Kanizsa railway line was built in 1861. To compensate for this loss the town leaders started to strengthen the industrialisation instead of trade and commerce.

In the middle of the 20th century, in the 1950s and 60s, big blocks of modern flats were built and the historical buildings of the city were neglected. The restoration of the old town began only in the 70s. In 1989, Győr even won the Europa Nostra Award, which is a European award for the protection of historical monuments.

These days, Győr is one of the most important administrative and cultural centres of Hungary. It is also a university town and a popular tourist destination.

Some interesting things to see and do in Győr

János Xantus Zoo

It is a small but beautiful zoo, where you can enjoy animal shows, various activities, petting areas, and see many exotic animals.

Rába Quelle

With its several indoor and outdoor thermal pools, water slides, sauna areas, bars, and restaurants this spa is a must if you want to take a break from sightseeing.

Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of Our Lady

Designed by Italian artist, Giovanni Battista Rava, Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of Our Lady is a stunning Baroque church. It was first consecrated by King Stephen I, in the early 11th century. Mongols destroyed the original structure in 1241, and the church was completely rebuilt from the 1630’s onward. 

Observation Wheel

The 50-meter tall Ferris wheel – set up at Dunakapu Square – provides an excellent bird’s eye view of the city centre of Győr, as well as the Moson-Danube, the bridges of Győr, the Radó Island and the towers of the surrounding churches.

Margit Kovács Ceramic Collection

The Margit Kovács Ceramic Collection features statuettes, pots, plates, wallplaques and tiled murals created by Margit Kovács, born in Győr in 1902.

Ányos Jedlik Fountain

Jedlik Ányos Foutain statue in the form of a soda siphon celebrates the inventor’s creation of the soda (or spritzer) bottle. Ányos Jedlik (1800-1895) was an inventor, engineer, and physicist who spent the last years of his life isolated at the Benedictine priory in Győr.

Vocabulary

to refer

hivatkozni

ecclesiastic

egyházi

settlement

település

to establish

alapítani

abbreviation

rövidítés

circular

kör alakú

fort

erőd

seat

székhely

equivalent to sg

egyenértékű valamivel

due to sg

valaminek a következtében

favourable

kedvező

to occupy

meghódítani

to appoint

kinevezni

to set ablaze

felgyújtani

blackened

elfeketedett

ruins

romok

to conquer

meghódítani

to flourish

virágozni

to grant

adományozni

rank

rang

merchant

kereskedő

craftsman

kézműves, mesterember

religious order

szerzetesrend

monastery

rendház, kolostor

steamship

gőzhajó

industrialisation

iparosítás

to be neglected

elhanyagolva lenni

protection

megóvás, megőrzés

petting area

állatsimogató

water slide

vízicsúszda

assumption

mennybemenetel

stunning

lenyűgöző

to consecrate

felszentelni

Ferris wheel

óriáskerék

bird’s eye view

madártávlat

surrounding

környező

pot

edény

plaque

plakett

mural

falfestmény

soda siphon

szódásszifon

inventor

feltaláló

physicist

fizikus

isolated

elzárva, magányosan

priory

kolostor

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