Great Britain introduces the new one pound coin

Great Britain introduces the new one pound coin

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Facts about the new 12-sided £1 coin

Great Britain introduced their new £1 coin on 28th March 2017. The current £1 coin is being replaced for the first time in over thirty years because of its vulnerability to sophisticated counterfeiters. Approximately one in thirty £1 coins in circulation is a counterfeit. That is why a new, highly secure coin is introduced to reduce the costs of counterfeits to businesses and the taxpayer.

The new coin has a number of features that make it much more difficult to counterfeit and make it the most secure coin in the world.

What does it look like?

It’s 12-sided – its distinctive shape makes it instantly recognisable, even by touch.

It’s bimetallic – it is made of two metals. The outer ring is gold coloured (nickel-brass) and the inner ring is silver coloured (nickel-plated alloy).

It has a latent image – it has an image like a hologram that changes from a ‘£’ symbol to the number '1' when the coin is seen from different angles.

It has micro-lettering – it has very small lettering on the lower inside rim on both sides of the coin. One pound on the obverseheads” side and the year of production on the reversetails” side, for example 2016 or 2017.

It has milled edges – it has grooves on alternate sides.

A high security feature is built into the coin to protect it from counterfeiting in the future.

The coin is produced by The Royal Mint using cutting-edge technology developed on its site in South Wales.

It features a new design that shows the English rose, the Welsh leek, the Scottish thistle and the Northern Irish shamrock emerging from one stem within a royal coronet. This was created by David Pearce who won a public design competition at the age of 15.

The fifth coin portrait of Her Majesty the Queen, designed by Royal Mint coin designer Jody Clark, is featured on the coin.

The new £1 coin’s dimensions are different from the current round £1 coin:

Thickness: 2.8mm – it is thinner than the round £1 coin.

Weight: 8.75g – it is lighter than the round £1 coin.

Diameter: 23.43mm – it is slightly larger than the round £1 coin, the maximum diameter (point to point) is 23.43mm.

Businesses across the UK who handle cash have been informed of the need to prepare for the introduction. Many will have upgraded their machines to accept the new £1 coin, however, not all machines will work with the new coin from the date of introduction. The round £1 coin will be withdrawn on 15th October 2017.  From this date shops will no longer accept these coins, but you will still be able to take them to a bank.

Top facts about coins

1. The world’s first coins were probably those minted in ancient Lydia (now western Turkey) around 700BC.

2. According to the Royal Mint there were about 29 billion coins in circulation in Britain in 2014.

3. The total value of all the coins in circulation is about £4,011million.

4. If the coins were shared equally among the UK population we would each have £62.57 in coins…

5. …and people would be weighed down with an average 5lb 3oz in loose change.

6. One of the rarest British coins is the 1933 penny. Only six or seven were minted and three of them were buried under the foundation stones of buildings erected that year.

7. You can weigh things with coins: a £2 coin weighs 12gm, £1 is 9.5gm, 50p is 8gm, 20p is 5gm.

8. The pound coin was introduced to replace the pound note in 1983. The £2 coin followed in 1986.

9. All of the 20p coins in circulation are worth more than all the 50p coins.

10. The world’s least valuable coin is probably the tiyin coin in Uzbekistan. About 3,000 are worth 1p.

Source: express.co.uk, thenewpoundcoin.com

Vocabulary

current

jelenlegi, mostani

vulnerability

sebezhetőség

sophisticated

kifinomult

counterfeiter

hamisító

in circulation

forgalomban

to reduce

csökkenteni

distinctive

jellegzetes

recognisable

felismerhető

bimetallic

két fémből álló

alloy

ötvözet

latent

rejtett

angle

szög

rim

perem

obverse

előlap

head

„fej”

reverse

hátlap

tail

„írás”

milled edge

recés szél

groove

barázda

security feature

biztonsági elem

mint

pénzverde

cutting-edge

csúcstechnológiás

leek

póréhagyma

thistle

bogáncs

shamrock

lóhere

to emerge

kiemelkedni

stem

coronet

korona

thickness

szélesség

diameter

átmérő

to handle

kezelni, valamivel foglalkozni

to withdraw

visszavonni, bevonni

equally

egyenlően

loose change

aprópénz

rare

ritka

to bury

eltemetni

foundation stone

alapkő

to erect

építeni, emelni

to replace

helyettesíteni, kicserélni

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