Magyar baktériumkoktél a műanyag hulladék lebontására


5Perc Angol | 2020. 11. 06.
minden

Két fiatal magyar hölgy kifejlesztett egy olyan egyedülálló baktériumkoktélt, amely képes lebontani az egyszer használatos műanyagot.

Two young Hungarians have produced a unique bacterial cocktail which can break down any disposable plastic in seven weeks. With their biotech startup called Poliloop, they are now starting industrial testing after Budapest-based Vespucci Partners and Techstars, one of the world’s most renowned international accelerators, both invested in the company.

The founders of Poliloop, Liz Madaras and Krisztina Lévay, got acquainted at the master’s program in pharmaceutical chemistry and engineering at the Budapest University of Technology. They started their joint laboratory research after university classes and on the weekends from their own resources, during which they began to look at how they could help protect nature in their field.

According to their website, they “aim to offer an industrially relevant solution to deal with unrecyclable plastics by mimicking nature, using the once polluting plastic waste as a carbon rich food source for our bacteria, who in turn create valuable end-product for us to use and integrate into a global circular ecosystem.”

After about two years of development, they have produced a bacterial cocktail that can break down all of the disposable packaging plastics used primarily in the food industry in 6-8 weeks. By the end of the process, the plastics will become nature-identical again. With the decomposition of the plastic, they get organic sludge and compost, from which bioplastics can be produced again. As they explain it on their website:

“We created a bacterial cocktail that together consumes plastic packaging waste. They can use the carbon in plastic as a sole carbon source, integrating it into their metabolism. The process is akin to the way organic waste is consumed in composting piles, but the raw materials here are fossil based. What our bacteria have achieved is turning what was once a fossil-based product (plastic packaging) into what it originally was, millions of years ago, part of the natural ecosystem of Earth.”

With this solution, Poliloop is creating a kind of circular economy that will allow large FMCG companies to reuse the same plastic packaging over and over again. The Poliloop process is able to remove plastic without any prior chemical treatment, processing or major cleaning, and no harmful substances are released during the process.

Poliloop joined the American Techstars accelerator’s three-month Abu Dhabi program in early 2019, where they received advice on starting a business and business and product development. Since then, Liz Madaras has been in charge of management, Krisztina has been in charge of technological development, and Gábor Antal has been in charge of all operational tasks from procurement to the back office. The next milestone will be industrial testing, after which they hope to work with several multinational companies.

source and picture: Hungary Today and poliloop.com

A cikk elolvasása után válaszolj a következő kérdésekre.

  1. How many days does the bacteria cocktail need to break down any disposable plastic?
     
  2. Where did the two young women get to know each other?
     
  3. Who provided resources to them at the beginning?
     
  4. What is used as a carbon rich food source for the bacteria in the cocktail?
     
  5. What will happen to the unrecyclable plastics by the end of the process?
     
  6. Although the process is similar to the one in composting piles, what is the main difference?
     
  7. What are the major advantages of Poliloop process?

keys/megoldások:

  1. 49
  2. at the master’s program in pharmaceutical chemistry and engineering at the Budapest University of Technology
  3. nobody, they used their own resources
  4. the once polluting plastic waste
  5. They will become nature-identical again.
  6. the raw materials here are fossil based
  7. It is able to remove plastic without any prior chemical treatment, processing or major cleaning, and no harmful substances are released during the process.
Vocabulary

disposable

eldobható

renowned

híres

accelerators

kezdő cégek
működését
felgyorsító
szervezetek

to get acquainted

megismerkedni

pharmaceutical chemistry
and engineering

gyógyszervegyész-mérnök

resources

erőforrások

industrially relevant
solution

iparilag hasznosítható
megoldás

mimicking

utánozva

carbon rich food source

szénben gazdag
élelem forrás

nature-identical

természet azonos

decomposition

bomlás/
rothadás

sludge

iszap

to consume

elfogyasztani

to be akin to

rokon valamivel/
valakivel

composting piles

komposztálók

fossil

fosszilis/
megkövesedett

to achieve

teljesíteni/
elérni

prior

előzetes

substances

anyagok

to release

kibocsátani

to be in charge of

felelősnek lenni
valamiért

procurement

beszerzés

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