Mi volt Ötzi, az 5300 éves múmia utolsó vacsorája?

Mit volt Ötzi, az 5300 éve múmia utolsó vacsorája?

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The last supper of Oetzi the Iceman revealed

Scientists have revealedthat the last meal of Oetzi the Iceman, the frozen hunter who died 5,300 years ago in the Alps, was well-balanced but also alarmingly high in fat.

After putting the stomach contents through a battery of tests, including DNA matching and microscopic inspections, the researchers found traces of red deer and ibex meat and plenty of ibex fat, ancient einkorn wheat, and traces of toxic fern.

The study, published in Current Biology, gives a rare glimpse into what was on the menu during the Copper Age.

Though the researchers had previously examined Oetzi's intestines, this was the first time they could look into his stomach.

Following Oetzi's death, the organ moved upwards. It was not until 2009, 18 years after his remains were discovered near the Italy-Austria border, that a radiologist detected it behind the rib cage. And it was full. After slowly defrosting the body, the team took samples and rehydrated them.

The high-fat diet may have given the Iceman the energy he needed to survive a long track at high altitude, says Dr Frank Maixner of the Eurac Research Institute for Mummy Studies in Bolzano, Italy.

The events surrounding Oetzi's death are still debated. His many recent wounds suggest violent conflict and one theory is that Oetzi fled into the mountains while being pursued.

But Maixner argues that the Iceman had eaten supplies of food he had prepared earlier, rather than a fresh kill, indicating that he had planned his final trek.

Vocabulary

scientist

tudós

to reveal

felfedezni, felfedni

meal

étkezés

frozen

fagyott, fagyasztott

hunter

vadász

well-balanced

jól kiegyensúlyozott

alarmingly

vészjóslóan

high in fat

magas zsírtartalmú

content

tartalom

inspection

nyomozás, vizsgálat

researcher

kutató

trace of …

valaminek a nyoma

deer

szarvas

ibex

kőszáli kecske

einkorn wheat

egyszermű búza, alakor

toxic fern

mérgező páfrány

to give a glimpse into

bepillantást engedni valahova

rare

ritka

Copper Age

Rézkorszak

though

bár, habár

previously

korábban

to examine

megvizsgálni

intestine

bél

organ

szerv

upwards

felfelé

remains

maradvány

to be discovered

felfedezve lenni

radiologist

radiológus

to detect

kimutatni, észlelni

rib

hegygerinc

cage

ketrec, kalitka

to defrost

kiolvasztani

to take samples

mintát venni

to rehydrate

újrahidratálni

to survive

túlélni

long track

hosszú gyalogút

high altitude

nagy magasság

event

esemény

surrounding

körülvevő

to be still debated

még mindig vitatva lenni

recent

korábbi

wound

sebesülés

to suggest

javasolni, sugallni

violent

erőszakos

to flee

elmenekülni

to be pursued

hajszolva, követve lenni

to argue

vitatni

supply of food

étel ellátmány, utánpótlás

to indicate

jelezni, mutatni

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