Mi a különbség az a lot, lots és allot között? – szókincs, nyelvtani magyarázat és interaktív teszt

Sokszor találkozunk az a lot, lots és allot szavakkal, de mit is jelentenek és hogyan használjuk őket helyesen? Erről olvashattok a következő rövid leckénkben. Az interaktív tesztben pedig gyakorolhatjátok is!

What does A LOT mean?

 As a noun:“a large number/ quantity/ amount
‘That’s a lot of bread!’
‘I only have few friends, but my boyfriend has a lot.’

As an adverb:“very much” / “a great deal,” / “often”
She loves him a lot’
‘Tom’s been working out a lot. (often)
Thanks a lot’ (the same as saying Thanks very much).

When is A LOT used as a noun or as an adverb?

To decide, use this simple trick:
If a lot can be paired with the word of and another noun in the sentence:
‘We had to revise a lot for the final test’, a lot could refer to a lot of material, so a lot is used as a noun.

If a lot means “often,”/”very much” it’s used as an adverb.
‘Tom has to work out a lot.‘(often)

Remember it is ALWAYS spelt as A LOT. Sometimes we can see ‘alot’ but it is misspelled so AVOID using it.

The word LOTS can mean the same thing as A LOT. LOTS can be used interchangeably with A LOT, both as a noun and as an adverb:
‘Lots of students were at my birthday party.’ (noun/sok diák)
‘She loves your son lots’ (adverb/nagyon)
‘We’ve been practicing lots.’ (often/gyakran)

Both of them used in informal language but LOTS is even more informal.

What does allot mean?

It is a verb: “to divide out something into shares or portions,”
‘His father’s estate was allotted among his heirs.’

It can also mean “to dedicate or assign mainly money or time, for a specific purpose,”
‘They’re going to allot half of their budget for supplies.’
‘Please allot more time to review your colleagues’ work.’

How to use a lot vs. allot

when you’re talking about a large quantity of something
when something happens or is done often/all the time
It can be used as a noun or an adverb.

when you’re talking about dividing something into portions
when you’re devoting a portion of time, money, or something else to a specific purpose.
It is used as a verb.

Examples of a lot and allot used in a sentence:

She loves having a lot of toppings on her pizza.

As I have a lot, I do believe it’s my responsibility to help others who have very little.

We’ve been thinking a lot about this question, and we think we have the perfect answer for it.

The remaining shares have been allotted between Paul and his sibling.

We requested that representative of the local government that they should allot more money to the park project.

They’ll need to allot a lot of time to standardize the final tests.

source: dictionary.com

interesting info:
főnévként jelentheti még:
tétel (aukciónál)
nagy mennyiség/adag (I’ve already done one lot of washing.)
helyrajzi szám (lot number)
nullszéria (pilot lot)
sorsot húzni: to draw lots

the lot jelentése (informális):
minden (I cooked dinner for three but he ate the lot.)

source: Cambridge Dictionary

Válaszd ki a helyes megoldást!
source: Cambridge Dictionary


to allot juttatni/kiutalni/szétosztani
to allot time/money pénzt/időt szentelni/szánni valami elvégzésére
noun főnév
adverb határozó
verb ige
interchangeably felcserélhetően/egymást helyettesíthetően
to divide out kiosztani/szétosztani
to dedicate szánni valaminek
to assign kiosztani/átadni
purpose cél
responsibility felelősség
remaining megmaradó
to request kérni

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