Képleírás a nyelvvizsgán alap-, közép-, felsőfokon - Autumn

Képleírás a nyelvvizsgán alap-, közép-, felsőfokon - Autumn

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A következő képleírásminta segítségedre lehet a nyelvvizsgán! 

Képek általában minden vizsgán szerepelnek. De mit kellene, és mit lehet mondani róluk? Rovatunkban ehhez szeretnénk segítséget nyújtani úgy, hogy bemutatjuk, ugyanarról a képről mind a három fokon lehet beszélni. Természetesen csak ötleteket adunk, amit mindenki kiegészíthet még a sajátjaival. Ugyanakkor azoknak a nyelvtanulóknak is szeretnénk hasznos olvasnivalót kínálni az egy-egy téma szókincsébe való betekintéssel, akik nem készülnek vizsgára, akármilyen szinten tartanak is. 

Alapfok B1

It’s a collection of autumn pictures. We can see colourful fallen leaves, delicious autumn fruits and vegetables and there is also a squirrel in the top right-hand corner of the picture. Autumn is a beautiful season, especially the first part of it, when the weather is still nice and warm. This period is called Indian summer. Autumn consists of three months: September, October and November. In this season the leaves fall from the trees and people have to rake them. Autumn is the time of harvest. Lots of fruits are ripe then, e.g. apples, pears, grapes, walnuts. People pick them from the trees and preserve them or just put them in cool and dry places for the winter. Autumn is a season full of colours. The leaves are red, yellow and brown and the fruits are also colourful. The market in autumn is quite a nice sight with the various colours. In November the weather usually gets worse; it is foggy and rainy and it turns cold. The days are shorter and shorter and darkness comes earlier and earlier. Animals – like squirrels – prepare for winter in autumn. They collect nuts, walnuts and acorns and their fur becomes thick. Though it’s not my favourite season, I like autumn very much.

Középfok B2

It’s a set of autumn pictures showing the different aspects of this season. Autumn is a three-month period after summer when the weather gets gradually cooler. By the end of November, the weather is usually so cold that it’s almost like winter, with fog, mist and lots of rain. Sometimes it even snows in November. Autumn rain is steady and difficult to bear, it’s not like the refreshing summer showers. In September and October, the leaves fall from the trees and form a beautiful and colourful leaf-litter on the ground. Children usually enjoy jumping into the fallen leaves that their parents have raked into heaps. The leaves are of different colours - red, yellow and brown. Autumn is the season for harvesting various fruits and vegetables. Pears, grapes, apples, plums, walnuts are ripe for picking as well as carrots, broccolis, pumpkins, potatoes and beetroots.

Autumn is a busy period for people who have a garden. Raking the leaves, cutting the grass, harvesting the crop, preparing the soil for winter, fertilizing and planting certain plants all need to be done. Preserving the autumn fruits and vegetables is also a demanding task. You can make preserves, can store the fruits and vegetables in the cellar or the pantry or you can put some of the crop in the freezer. A pantry prepared for winter with a lot of home-made preserves and pickles on display is a nice sight and is something to be proud of. Home-made food is more delicious and more nutritious than what’s available in shops.

We have a big garden at home. Usually, my parents do the gardening, but I don’t mind working in the garden either. But I prefer going to the woods in autumn weather when the sun is shining to see the incomparable colours nature is so full of. Sometimes I spot squirrels, hedgehogs, rabbits, different birds and owls. After a trip like that, I go home relaxed and refreshed. I must say that autumn is my favourite season, though I know that few people would say that and would mention summer instead. Summer is too hot for me, I prefer cooler temperatures.

Felsőfok C1

Every season has its beauties as this picture collage also suggests. Autumn is obviously no exception. Spectacular natural phenomena, delicious, juicy fruits, harvest, Indian summer – just to mention only a few of autumn’s beauties. 

The pictures take a closer look at these beauties. What you see in them is nothing special – except, perhaps, that you rarely have the chance to observe a squirrel from such close quarters – but if you just take a break from your everyday routine and the digital world to really focus on nature, a whole new world opens up to you, helping you to relax, forget about your worries and filling you with awe at the beauty nature can produce in every single leaf and fruit as they are bathed in the rays of autumn sunshine.

In autumn deciduous trees shed their brightly coloured leaves, daylight becomes shorter and shorter and temperatures considerably cool down. Then skies turn grey and rain falls for days on end until the weather turns really cold and snow takes over.

Autumn marks the transition from the warm, shiny summer months to the cold and bleak winter months, the darker half of the year. At least it was true for past autumns before the climate change has taken its toll and radically changed the seasons. Today’s autumns are not so easy to characterize. The weather is difficult to predict and the lovers of winter sports cannot be sure that there will be enough snow in winter to enjoy their favourite pastime.

For many, autumn is synonymous with melancholy, when it seems that everything good under the sun is gone and there remains nothing to look forward to but cold and dark days.

Autumn is not without remarkable celebrations, though. Thanksgiving Day, All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day and the highly commercialized Halloween with its pumpkins, jack-o’-lanterns, witches, skeletons, and monsters. The purpose and symbolism of Thanksgiving Day, All Saints’ and All Souls’ Day are clear. People give thanks for a good harvest and the preceding year on Thanksgiving Day and remember their deceased loved ones on All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day. But how does Halloween come into the picture? It has been observed in Europe only recently, it’s a typically American phenomenon. Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, Halloween fancy dress parties, carving pumpkins into jack-o'-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing, playing pranks, telling frightening stories and watching horror films. Shops are full of scary costumes, masks and Halloween  chocolate so that people wouldn’t have to wait till Santa Claus and Christmas come if they want to throw money out of the window. But, obviously, it’s tremendous fun for children. 

Vocabulary

fallen leaves

lehullott levelek

squirrel

mókus

season

évszak

Indian summer

vénasszonyok nyara

to rake

gereblyézni

harvest

szüret, betakarítás

ripe

érett

walnut

dió

to pick

leszedni

to preserve

tartósítani, befőzni

foggy

ködös

nut

mogyoró

acorn

makk

fur

bunda, szőr

aspect

aspektus, vonatkozás

gradually

fokozatosan

steady

egyenletes, állandó

shower

zápor

leaf-litter

avar

heap

halom

pumpkin

sütőtök

beetroot

cékla

crop

termés

soil

termőföld

fertilizing

trágyázás

preserves

befőtt

cellar

pince

pantry

kamra

freezer

fagyasztó

pickles

savanyúság

nutritious

tápláló

incomparable

összehasonlíthatatlan

to spot

látni, megpillantani

hedgehog

sün

owl

bagoly

refreshed

felfrissülve

to observe

megfigyelni

from such close quarters

ennyire közelről

to fill sy with awe

csodálattal tölt el valakit

ray

sugár

deciduous tree

lombhullató fa

to shed

lehullatni

days on end

napokig

transition

átmenet

bleak

puszta, zord

to take its toll

kárt okozni

to predict

megjósolni, előre jelezni

melancholy

melankólia, mélabú

commercialized

elüzletiesedett

jack-o’-lantern

töklámpás

witch

boszorkány

skeleton

csontváz

preceding

megelőző, előző

deceased

elhunyt

fancy dress party

jelmezbál

to carve

faragni

bonfire

tábortűz, máglya

to play pranks

csínyeket elkövetni

to throw money out of the window

pénzt kidobni az ablakon

tremendous

hatalmas

 

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Kapcsolódó anyagok
Szalai Nóri | 2017. Jan 19.

Picture description 1.

Hallgasd meg az alábbi képekhez tartozó képleírást! Az audiót le is töltheted. A három kép, és az azokhoz tartozó leírás ALAP-, KÖZÉP-, és FELSŐFOKON követik egymást. A nagyobb kép megtekintéséhez klikkelj a kis képekre! 
Tovább
Szalai Nóri | 2017. Jan 20.

Picture description 2.

Hallgasd meg az alábbi képekhez tartozó képleírást! Az audiót le is töltheted. A három kép, és az azokhoz tartozó leírás ALAP-, KÖZÉP-, és FELSŐFOKON követik egymást.
Tovább
Szalai Nóri | 2010. Mar 31.

Picture description 3.

Hallgasd meg az alábbi képekhez tartozó képleírást! Az audiót le is töltheted. A három kép, és az azokhoz tartozó leírás ALAP-, KÖZÉP-, és FELSŐFOKON követik egymást.
Tovább