Zene – szókincs és szövegértési feladat

12 meglepő tény a zenéről és arról, hogyan hat a zene az agyunkra.

The brain can work in ways we can’t comprehend. In numerous studies they have been able to see just how much normal things like music can affect, and even alter, it completely. These facts about music will give you an insight into the complexity of your own mind.

  1. The chills you get when you listen to music, is mostly caused by the brain releasing dopamine while anticipating the peak moment of a song.
    Dopamine is a feel-good chemical released by the brain. This chemical is directly involved in motivation, as well as addiction. These studies found a biological explanation for why music always has been such a huge part of emotional events around the world since the beginning of human history.
  2. There are few activities in life that utilizes the entire brain, and music is one of them.
    With Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FMRI), a research team recorded a group of individuals who were listening to music. They found that listening to music recruits the auditory areas, and employs large-scale neural networks in the brain. In fact, they believe music can activate emotional, motor, and creative areas of the brain.
  3. Playing music regularly will physically alter your brain structure.
    Brain plasticity refers to the brain’s ability to change throughout life. Changes associated with learning occur mostly at the connections between neurons. When studying musicians, they found that the cortex volume was highest in professional musicians, intermediate in amateur musicians, and lowest in non-musicians.
  4. The brain responds to music the same way it responds to something that you eat.
    As stated above, dopamine is a chemical released by the brain. This chemical is connected with the feeling of euphoria which is associated with addiction, sex, and even eating. Dopamine is what enables a person to feel the pleasures of such things. A study using only instrumental music proves that anticipation for a musical rush released the same kind of reactions in the brain as anticipating the taste of your food.

  5. Listening to music while exercising can significantly improve your work-out performance.
    Dissociation is a diversionary technique which lowered the perceptions of effort. This technique can divert the mind from feelings of fatigue, and heighten positive mood states like vigor. By using music during low to moderate exercise intensities, you will find yourself with an overall more pleasurable experience while working out.
  6. An emotional attachment could be the reason for your favorite song choice.
    Favorite songs are often context-dependent. Even though many people often change their favorite song depending on the most recent releases, it is proven that long-lasting preferences are due mainly to an emotional attachment to a memory associated with the song.
  7. Your heartbeat changes to mimics the music you listen to.
    Music is found to modulate heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration. The cardiovascular system mirrored deflating decrescendos, and swelling crescendos in a study of 24 volunteers. Distinguishing changes in sound patterns were even found to be equipped in those as small as a developing foetus.

  8. Listening to happy vs. sad music can affect the way you perceive the world around you.
    The brain always compares the information that comes through the eyes with what it expects about the world, based on what you know. The final results in our mind is what we perceive as our reality. Therefore, happy songs that lift your spirits make you see the world around you differently than that of a sad person.
  9. An “earworm” is a song that you can’t seem to get out of your head.
    An earworm is a cognitive itch in your brain. This “brain itch” is a need for the brain to fill in the gaps in a song’s rhythm. The auditory cortex is a part of your brain that will automatically fill in a rhythm of a song. In other words, your brain kept “singing” long after the song had ended.
  10. Music triggers activity in the same part of the brain that releases Dopamine, the “pleasure chemical”.
    The nucleus accumbens is a part of your brain that releases Dopamine during eating, and sex. The most interesting part, is that the nucleus accumbens is just a small part of the brain that gets affected by music. It also affects the amygdala, which is the part of the brain used to process emotion.
  11. Music is often prescribed to patients with Parkinson’s Disease and stroke victims.
    Music therapy has been around for decades. Music triggers networks of neurons into organized movement. The part of the brain that processes movement also overlaps speech networks. These two key elements help patients overcome the obstacles that most affect them such as basic motor skills, and speech difficulties.
  12. According to a study, learning a musical instrument can improve fine motor and reasoning skills.
    In a study of children, it is revealed that those with three or more years of musical training performed better in fine motor skills and auditory discrimination abilities then those who had none. They even tested better for vocabulary and reasoning skills, even though those are quite separate from music training.

source: unbelievable-facts.com

Döntsd el, hogy az alábbi félmondatokat melyik opció fejezi be a cikkben olvasottak alapján.


to comprehend megérteni
to alter megváltoztatni
insight bepillantás
to release kibocsátani
to anticipate számítani
peak csúcspont
addiction függőség
to utilize használni
entire teljes
to recruit megerősíteni/
auditory hallással
to employ használni
motor motoros/
mozgással kapcsolatos
plasticity formálhatóság/
to occur megjelenni
cortex kéregállomány
to respond to válaszolni/
reagálni valamire
to enable lehetővé tesz
instrumental hangszeres
to prove bizonyítani/
anticipation számítani valamire
significantly jelentősen
to improve javítani
dissociation elkülönítés
diversionary elterelő
perceptions of effort erőfeszítés
to divert from elterelni
fatigue kimerülés/
vigor (US) vigour (UK) életerő
attachment ragaszkodás
due to valami miatt
to mimic utánozni
to modulate módosítani
respiration légzés
cardiovascular szív és érrendszer
deflating decrescendos leereszkedő
halkulások (zenében)
swelling crescendos áradó
erősödések (zenében)
foetus magzat
to perceive érzékelni/
to compare összehasonlítani
earworm/catchy tune fülbemászó dallam
cognitive kognitív/
to trigger


nucleus accumbens törzsdúcterület (függőségek központjaként ismert terület az agyban)
amygdala emberi agy mediális temporális lebenyében található amigdala (az érzelmi reakciók feldolgozásában és raktározásában van szerepe

‘félelem’ központ)

to prescribe receptre felírni
to overlap átfedni/
to overcome
the obstacles
túljutni a
to improve fine
motor skills
javítani a finom
motorikus készségeket
to reveal felfedni
auditory discrimination
hallással kapcsolatos
megkülönböztetési képességek
reasoning skills gondolkodási/
érvelési képességek

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