In Memoriam Göncz Árpád

minden

2015. október 6-án, életének 94. évében meghalt Göncz Árpád. Rá emlékezünk. 

Beloved former president of Hungary died on 6th October, 2015.

Hungary’s first democratically elected president, Göncz Árpád, has died aged 93. He was born 10, February, 1922.

He graduated in law from the Budapest Pázmány Péter University of Arts and Sciences in 1944.

Göncz Árpád joined the resistance against the Nazis during World War II and then became secretary of the Independent Smallholders Party, which won the first post-war election.

He was jailed for taking part in the 1956 uprising. He was arrested in May 1957 and sentenced to life imprisonment on August 2 of the same year, without the possibility of appeal. Along with more than 4,000 other revolutionaries and freedom fighters, he was released from prison under amnesty in 1963.

He was elected president by the parliament twice, in 1990 and 1995, and was credited with helping enforce the fledgling democratic constitution.

His fatherly manner endeared him to Hungarians, who nicknamed him “Uncle Árpi”.

Göncz Árpád worked as a translator and playwright until 1988. He has published several novels, plays and essays, and also translated a great number of – more than a hundred – prose works from English into Hungarian.

Some of his notable translations include E.L. Doctorow’s Ragtime, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings.

In 1988 he returned to politics, co-founding the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (SZDSZ), and – like another writer, Václav Havel in the Czech Republic – became Hungary’s first democratically elected president.

He left the presidency in 2000 and devoted himself to charitable work. He is survived by his wife, Mária Zsuzsanna Göntér, and four children including daughter Kinga, a former foreign minister.

source: BBC

Vocabulary

in memoriam

emlékére

president

köztársasági elnök

elected

megválasztott

resistance

ellenállás

Smallholders Party

Kisgazda Párt

to be jailed

bebörtönözték

uprising

forradalom

to sentence

elítélni

life imprisonment without appeal

tényleges életfogytiglani börtön

appeal

fellebbezés, felülvizsgálat

revolutionary

forradalmár

to be released

szabadon engedni

fledgling

induló, kezdő

constitution

alkotmány

manner

viselkedés, modor

to endear

kedvessé tesz

playwright

drámaíró

play

színdarab

notable

jelentős, figyelemre méltó

The Lord of the Rings

A Gyűrűk Ura

devoted himself to

valaminek szentelte magát

charitable work

jótékonyság

Kapcsolódó anyagok

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