Mi nevetteti meg a Királynőt? – szókincs, mini olvasott szövegértést ellenőrző feladat

felsőfok
A következő cikkben II. Erzsébet királynőről és legendás humorérzékéről olvashattok. Majd egy rövid  szövegértést ellenőrző feladattal tesztelhetitek is az olvasottakat. 

There has been much solemnity and seriousness in the Queen’s life – but as she reaches her 96th birthday, what has often been overlooked is her sense of humour.

“Laughing things off has been an important survival technique,” says royal historian Robert Lacey.

The Queen’s well-developed “sense of the absurd” has been a vital private outlet from such a highly choreographed public life, where she often has to remain straight-faced, he says.

“She obviously takes her job seriously – but at the same time, it doesn’t stop her having a sense of the ridiculous,” Mr Lacey says.

Good mimic

Historian and author Sir Anthony Seldon says: “A defining characteristic is that she doesn’t take herself too seriously. It’s significantly contributed to the success of her reign.”

He says. “She’s able to laugh off misfortune and keep going.”

In private, the Queen is said to be a very good mimic, according to Mr Lacey, a historical consultant on Netflix series The Crown.

She is said to do a particularly good impression of the former Russian leader Boris Yeltsin, says Karen Dolby, author of the Wicked Wit of Queen Elizabeth II.

And she imitates other politicians, clerics and TV characters.

Mr Lacey describes the Queen’s humour as often “selfdeprecating and mildly making fun of herself”.

He gives the example of a politician who had the embarrassment of their mobile phone going off during a private conversation with the Queen.

After the phone was switched off, the Queen said: “I hope it wasn’t someone important.”

Dry wit

Ms Dolby particularly likes the story of the Queen accidentally meeting some American tourists during a rainy walk with a protection officer near her home at Balmoral.

Not recognising the wrapped-up figure, the tourists asked if she had ever met the Queen.

“No, but he has,” she replied, pointing to the protection officer beside her.

On another private trip, shopping in Norfolk, a shop assistant told her: “You look just like the Queen.”

To which the Queen is said to have replied: “How reassuring.”

Who dares, Windsor

Humour is also a useful way of breaking the ice and defusing tension when people are nervous around her.

“She’s quick to see when people are not at ease,” Sir Anthony says.

“The ability to be entertained and to see the funny side of life helps to keep her in contact with people.”

The Queen has met many comedians, including Tommy Cooper, who Ms Dolby recounts once asked

Shared relief

The Queen has spent a life under scrutiny, the constant focus of attention at high-profile ceremonies.

In such stressful situations laughter is a hugely important response, according to Audrey Tang, of the British Psychological Society.

“It’s that gesture of shared relief,” she says.

It makes people feel physically better to laugh and release tension, says the psychologist.

It is also a “bonding experience” and the Queen and Prince Philip were said to have shared a great ability to laugh together.

But it can get complicated.

Laughing privately after an event is fine – but everyone must have suffered that terrible feeling of a fit of the giggles at the wrong time.

Such “incongruous emotions” can be a natural and involuntary response to feeling overwhelmed or wanting to relieve the stress of a moment, Dr Tang says.

Ms Dolby describes when the Queen seemed to be fighting the giggles at a formal signing ceremony, after Canadian prime minister Jean Chretien snapped off the top of his pen and then audibly swore.

“She likes the absurd – and when things go wrong, she’s more likely to be amused than annoyed,” Sir Anthony says.

Photographer Chris Young captured the Queen dissolving into giggles when a swarm of bees disrupted a military review at Windsor Castle, in 2003.

“I recognised that it was a human moment,” Mr Young said.

“She was giggling like a little girl.”

In her 1991 Christmas message, the Queen gave her own thoughts.

“Let us not take ourselves too seriously,” she said.

“None of us has a monopoly on wisdom.”

source: BBC News

A cikk elolvasása után döntsd el, hogy a következő állítások igazak (T), hamisak (F), vagy nem volt róluk szó a cikkben (NM).

  1. The Queen is rumoured to be an excellent impersonator.
  2. According to Mr Lacey the Queen’s humour is often “self-deprecating and mildly mocking herself.”
  3. When others are nervous around the Queen, she uses humour to break the ice and ignite tension.
  4. Her capacity to be entertained and see the lighter side of life helps her maintain and improve contact with people.”
  5. The Queen likes the absurd – and when things go wrong, she’s less likely to be annoyed than amused.

keys/megoldások:

1.T; the Queen is said to be a very good mimic

2.T; Mr Lacey describes the Queen’s humour as often “self-deprecating and mildly making fun of herself”.

3.F; not ignite but defuse tension

4.NM, The ability to be entertained and to see the funny side of life helps to keep her in contact with people.” – maintain contact, improve contact wasn’t mentioned

5.T; she’s more likely to be amused than annoyed

Vocabulary

solemnity komolyság/ünnepélyesség
outlet érzelem kifejezési módja
to remain straight-faced komoly arckifejezést megtartani
ridiculous nevetséges
to contribute to hozzájárulni valamihez
reign uralkodás
misfortune balszerencse/pech
self-deprecating önkritikus
to be wrapped up bebugyolálva lenni (rétegesen felöltözve lenni)
reassuring megnyugtató
to break the ice megtörni a csendjét/beszélgetést kezdeni
to defuse tension oldani a feszültséget
to be at ease fesztelennek lenni
scrutiny vizsgálódás
high-profile nagy horderejű/fontos
shared relief közös megkönnyebbülés (feszültebb helyzet oldása során)
to release tension enyhíteni a feszültséget
bonding experience kötelékteremtő élmény
fit of the giggles kacagógörcs
incongruous emotions nem odaillő érzelmek
involuntary önkéntelen/akaratlan
overwhelmed túlterhelt
to snap off letörni
audibly hallhatóan
to dissolve into giggle nevetésre fakadni
a swarm of bees egy sereg/csapat méh
to have a monopoly on kisajátítani valamit
to rumour mondogatni/híresztelni
impersonator utánzó
to mock kicsúfolni
to ignite tension feszültséget gerjeszteni
to improve javítani/jobbá tenni

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