Listening to music

Listening to music

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Egy rövid olvasmány (akár szóbeli vizsgára készülőknek) zene témakörben szószedettel. 

Do you like music? Can you play any musical instrument? Music usually plays an important part in people’s life. With the development of technology we can listen to music wherever we are, we are not confined to our home or concert halls. Music is as varied in style as are the people who listen to it. Some people listen to classical music or opera only, while others prefer jazz, rock-, pop- or country music. Young people listen to rap, soul, heavy metal or contemporary bands. Their taste in music is usually very different from the style their parents are used to.

Classical music doesn’t change as rapidly and fundamentally as pop or rock music. Opera used to be more popular in the previous centuries than it is nowadays, but the music of famous composers like Bach, Beethoven or Chopin still attracts a lot of people to concert halls if they want to listen to live music especially if it is conducted by a world famous conductor.

There are four different sections in an orchestra: strings, woodwind, brass and percussion.In chamber music a small number of musicians plays music together, while in symphonic music a whole orchestra performs.

The best time for learning how to play a musical instrument is when you are a child, but it’s never too late to start. Music brings joy into people’s life, it soothes, has a calming effect and it can even heal. The most popular musical instruments are the guitar, the piano, theviolin, the flute and the recorder. Fewer people choose to play the trumpet, the double bass, the viola, the clarinet, the harp the bassoon or the French horn.

You can listen to music on different devices. Your phone is of course always available, but some people still like the more old fashioned way and listen to music on an iPod, CD or on the radio. The good old records are coming back into fashion, not just vintage ones, but new, contemporary music is recorded on vinyl records again.

Music festivals are very popular especially in the summer. Not only young people attend these events. Folk music festivals are well-attended by middle-aged or elderly people as well.

Vocabulary

musical instrument

hangszer

to be confined to something

valamihez kötve lenni

concert hall

hangversenyterem

contemporary

kortárs

band

együttes, banda

rapidly

gyorsan

fundamentally

alapvetően

composer

zeneszerző

live music

élő zene

to conduct

vezényelni

conductor

karmester

section

rész

orchestra

zenekar

strings

húros hangszerek

woodwind

fafúvós hangszerek

brass

rézfúvós hangszerek

percussion

ütős hangszerek

chamber music

kamarazene

to play music

zenélni

symphonic music

szimfonikus zene

to soothe

csillapítani, megnyugtatni

calming effect

nyugtató hatás

to heal

gyógyítani

violin

hegedű

flute

fuvola

recorder

furulya

trumpet

trombita

double bass

nagybőgő

viola

brácsa

harp

hárfa

bassoon

fagott

French horn

kürt

device

eszköz

old fashioned

régimódi

record

(bakelit) lemez

to come back into fashion

újra divatba jönni

vintage

retro

vinyl

bakelit (lemez)

folk music

népzene

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