Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2015 is…

középfok

Az Oxford Dictionary megválasztotta az év szavát. Nem fogjátok elhinni mi az :) 

That’s right – for the first time ever, the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year is a pictograph: officially called the ‘Face with Tears of Joy’ emoji, though you may know it by other names (crying-laughing face, lol= laughing out loud, lmao = laughing my ass off, I say, that’s rather funny). There were other strong contenders from a range of fields, outlined below, but this emojiwas chosen as the ‘word’ that best reflected the ethos, mood, and preoccupations of 2015.

Why was this chosen?

Emojis (the plural can be either emoji or emojis) have been around since the late 1990s, but 2015 saw their use, and use of the word emoji, increase hugely.

This year Oxford University Press have partnered with leading mobile technology business SwiftKey to explore frequency and usage statistics for some of the most popular emoji across the world, and  ‘Face with Tears of Joy’was chosen because it was the most used emoji globally in 2015. SwiftKey identified that the Word of the Year emoji made up 20% of all the emojis used in the UK in 2015, and 17% of those in the US: a sharp rise from 4% and 9% respectively in 2014. The word emoji has seen a similar surge: although it has been found in English since 1997, usage more than tripled in 2015 over the previous year according to data from the Oxford Dictionaries Corpus.

A brief history of emoji

An emoji is ‘a small digital image or icon used to express an idea or emotion in electronic communication’; the term emoji is a loanword from Japanese, and comes from e ‘picture’ + moji ‘letter, character’. The similarity to the English word emoticon has helped its memorability and rise in use, though the resemblance is actually entirely coincidental: emoticon (a facial expression composed of keyboard characters, such as ;), rather than a stylized image) comes from the English words emotion and icon.

Emojis are no longer the preserve of texting teens – instead, they have been embraced as a nuanced form of expression, and one which can cross language barriers. Even Hillary Clinton solicited feedback in the form of emojis, and the ‘Face with Tears of Joy’ has had notable use from celebrities and brands alongside everyone else – and even appeared as the caption to the Vine which apparently kicked off the popularity of the term on fleek, which appears on our WOTY shortlist.

The Word of the Year shortlist

ad blocker, noun: A piece of software designed to prevent advertisements from appearing on a web page. (hirdetés/reklám blokkoló)

Brexit, noun: A term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union, from British + exit.

Dark Web, noun: The part of the World Wide Web that is only accessible by means of special software, allowing users and website operators to remain anonymous or untraceable. ( a háló sötét bugyra)

on fleek, adjectival phrase: Extremely good, attractive, or stylish.

lumbersexual, noun: A young urban man who cultivates an appearance and style of dress (typified by a beard and check shirt) suggestive of a rugged outdoor lifestyle.

refugee, noun: A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. (menekült)

sharing economy, noun: An economic system in which assets or services are shared between private individuals, either for free or for a fee, typically by means of the Internet. (megosztásalapú gazdaság)

they (singular), pronoun: Used to refer to a person of unspecified sex.

source: OEP blog

… és, ha neked még nincs Oxford egynyelvű szótárad, akkor ajánlom figyelmedbe ezt, a kezdőknek is kiváló példányt, amit most kedvezménnyel rendelhetsz meg tőlünk:

 

Vocabulary

contender

jelölt, versenyző

range of fields

különböző területek

ethos

jellemző, erkölcsi világkép

preoccupation

fő gond, amivel valaki el van foglalva, foglalkoztatja

frequency

gyakoriság

globally

világszerte

surge

emelkedés

to triple

háromszorosára nőni

loanword

jövevényszó, szóátvétel

letter, character

betű

resemblance

hasonlóság

coincidental

véletlen

facial expression

arckifejezés

preserve

kizárólagos terület

text

SMS

to embrace

megragadni, használatba venni

nuanced

árnyalatot adó, árnyaló

to cross language barriers

áthidalni a nyelvi akadályokat

to solicit feedback

visszajelzést kérni

caption

rovatcím, fejléc

on fleek

vonzó, stílusos, nagyon jó

accessible

elérhető

untraceable

nem követhető nyomon

lumber

favágó

rugged

kemény, faragatlan, zord

persecution

üldözés

natural disaster

természeti katasztrófa

unspecified

nem meghatározott

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