All Souls Day … avagy mit is ünnepelnek november 2-án?

érettségi
Október 31. és november 2. között minden napra jut egy megemlékezés. Mit is jelent az All Souls Day, amit november 2-án ünnepelnek? Erről szól ez a rövid cikk.

1.trick-or-treating – csokit vagy csalunk

2.to carve pumpkins – tökfaragás

3.to attend church – templomba menni

4.cemeteries – temetők

5.to lay flowers and candles on the graves of their deceased loved ones – virágot és gyertyát helyeznek elhunyt szeretteik sírjára

6.commemoration – megemlékezés

7.to receive salvation – üdvözülést kapni

8.to maintain the graves – gondozni a sírokat

9.chrysanthemum – krizantém

10.tombs – sírok, síremlékek, sírkövek

11.decorated wreaths – feldíszített koszorúk

12.the liberated souls to return to their own graves – a felszabadult lelkek visszatérnek a saját sírjukba

13.to emerge from the grave – kimászni a sírból

14.skeletons –csontvázak

Allhallowtide

Halloween, All Saints’ and All Souls’ Day all fall on different – though consecutive – days, thus the confusion. However, they all belong to the same festive cycle, the Allhallowtide, with a pagan holiday as the basis, later Christianized and expanded.

Halloween – 31st of October

Halloween, or All Hallows’ Eve, is on October 31st, the evening before Western Christians celebrate All Saints’ Day. With this day, a three-day-long observance of Allhallowtide starts, the time in the liturgical year dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints, martyrs, and our loved ones who have died. It is said that Halloween traditions originated from ancient Celtic harvest festivals, such as the Gaelic Samhain.

Celts divided the year into two seasons: winter began on the night of October 31st. They believed that the sun god Samhain would be captured by the god of death and darkness, who would summon the spirits of the dead on the night of October 31st.

Interestingly, after the spread of Christianity, the festival was not banned, but Christianized as Halloween by the early Church.

The modern Halloween traditions include trick-or-treating for which children dress in costumes and collect candy and chocolates in their neighborhoods, costume parties, and carving pumpkins into Jack-o-Lanterns.

All Saints’ Day – November 1st

Also known as All Hallows’ Day, this holiday is held on the day after Halloween, as early Christians tried to adapt their holidays and practices to the existing pagan ones. Thus, All Saints’ Day was connected to the day of the former Celtic dead cult.

The new Christian holiday was officially recognized by the church in 835 and since then, it has been held on the 1st of November.

On All Saints’ Day, it is common for families to attend church, as well as visit cemeteries in order to lay flowers and candles on the graves of their deceased loved ones. This is why many cemeteries are operating with longer opening hours. It is a Solemnity in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church and a national holiday in many historically Christian countries, so in Hungary as well.

All Souls’ Day – November 2nd

Later, the following day, November 2nd, was also declared a holy day: the Day of the Dead, or All Souls’ Day.

Also known as the commemoration of all the faithful departed, that is, of the souls of all Christians who died but have not yet received salvation, who are currently in purgatory.

Gradually, the Day of the Dead has evolved from a religious holiday into a general commemoration of departed loved ones. In many European countries, including Hungary, people usually visit and maintain the graves of their deceased relatives on these days, lighting candles and placing flowers. As the chrysanthemum opens during this period, tombs in Hungary are usually decorated with this flower or with decorated wreaths. The original purpose of these traditions was for the liberated souls to return to their own graves – as, in the past, even many Christians thought that the dead would emerge from the grave at this time.

In many Latin countries, November 2nd is a national holiday, Dia de los Muertos, the climax of the Days of the Dead. It’s the climax of three days of celebration: All Hallow’s Eve, All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day. People often dress as skeletons as a way of remembering the dead and celebrating their ancestors.

source: Halloween, All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day – Can We Celebrate them all?, Hungary Today; What is the difference between All Saints Day, All Souls Day and Halloween?, AL.com

Vocabulary

consecutive egymás utáni
confusion zűrzavar
pagan pogány
to expand kibővíteni
to dedicate szentelni
to divide felosztani
to capture elfogni
summon megidézni
to ban betiltani
to include hozzá tartozik, magába foglalni
to adapt hozzáigazítani
existing meglévő
former korábbi
to recognize elismerni
common gyakori, általános
Solemnity Ünnepélyesség
to declare nyilvánítani
faithful hívő
currently jelenleg
to evolve kialakulni
climax csúcspont
ancestors ősök

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