10 hagyományos étel a Függetlenség napján – szókincs, videó, olvasott szövegértési feladat

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A Függetlenség napján az amerikaiak jellegzetes ételeket és italokat fogyasztanak. Ezekről lesz szó a következő cikkben. A videóban pedig a Budweiser idei reklámfilmjét láthatjátok, melyet a Függetlenség napjára készítettek.

10 Traditional July 4th Foods and How They Started

The 4th of July has become a widely loved holiday among Americans. And I mean, what’s not to love? Family, friends, barbecues, beer – the list goes on and on. Some of these Independence Day food traditions seem so quintessentially American, but surprisingly, not all of them actually are. Here are 10 common 4th of July food traditions and how they started.

  1. Barbecues
    Arguably the most famous 4th of July food tradition is the all-American barbecue, which brings many American families and friends together around a grill. In fact, more than 74 million Americans will plan to barbecue for this holiday.
    Despite barbecues being widely associated with America, many believe that barbecue originated in the Caribbean, and later worked its way into the American South.
    Barbecue, especially barbecue pork, became so popular in the South due to the abundance of pigs. Since barbecue style cooking allows for a lot of food to be cooked at once (like for a family gathering), it quickly became an American tradition.
  2. Hot dogs
    You can’t have a barbecue without the classic hot dog. The National Hot Dog and Sausage Council (yes, it’s a legit council) has declared the month of July as National Hot Dog Month. However, July 4th is the day in which hot dog consumption among Americans is the highest. In fact, it is estimated that 150 million hot dogs will be eaten on July 4th.
    The sausage has been around for a pretty long time. But the food that is most similar to our beloved hot dog is the German frankfurter, which has presumably evolved greatly into the hot dog we know and love today.
    While the exact origin of the hot dog is unknown, it is thought to have been brought to America by immigrants. Up until 1893, the hot dog wasn’t even associated with American culture at all. In that year, the hot dog became standard fare at many baseball parks across America, thanks to St. Louis bar owner Chris Von der Ahe, owner of the St. Louis Browns and a German immigrant.
  3. Red, white and blue everything
    One of the most quintessential 4th of July food traditions is the prevalence of red, white and blue. Of course, the dominance of these three colors seems natural because of our flag. But why are these the three colors on the flag in the first place?
    June 14, 1777 (Flag Day for those of y’all who don’t know) a resolution was passed by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress that created our beloved American flag.
    But the significance of red, white, and blue actually began the year prior. On July 4th, 1776, the official seal of the United States was created. When Secretary Charles Thomson presented the seal to the Continental Congress, he explained the significance: white signifies purity, red signifies valor, and blue signifies perseverance.
  4. Budweiser
    Budweiser spends most of its time and money marketing itself as the All-American beer. So, it’s no surprise that an ice-cold Budweiser is a 4th of July staple.
    However, this All-American beer was actually started by a group of German immigrants in St. Louis. The Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association (the company that fathers Budweiser) was founded when Adolphus Busch married the daughter of Eberhard Anheuser in 1861.
    In the 1800s, around Budweiser’s founding, beer was only distributed to the community in which it was brewed. Thanks to the development of pasteurization, beer was able to be bottled for up to four months and allowed for beer to be shipped nationwide in refrigerated rail cars. In fact, Budweiser started pasteurizing their beer before dairy farms began to pasteurize milk.
    Before Budweiser became a nationwide name, most Americans were drinking very dark ale, which was heavy to drink in the summer. Adolphus Busch sought to create a lighter, crisper ale that was more pleasurable to drink in the summer months. Thanks to pasteurization, Budweiser became a nationwide success, and a 4th of July food tradition.
  5. Corn on the cob
    Corn on the cob is a barbeque staple, which makes it so popular on the 4th of July. While corn is the most abundant and cultivated grain in the United States, corn has been around for thousands of years.
    Corn has been viewed as the ancient grain of the New World, and is believed to be first cultivated 9,000 years ago in southern Mexico. Shortly after, Native Americans discovered the versatility of corn and it began to be grown and harvested across the United States. In fact, the Native Americans have been eating corn off of the cob well before the Europeans even set foot in America.
  6. S’mores
    It goes without dispute that s’mores are a 4th of July (arguably a summer) staple. While the exact origin of the s’more is still unknown, it’s still a universally loved food tradition.
    Some believe that the s’more originated from a recipe called “some mores” in the 1927 guide “Tramping and Trailing with the Girl Scouts,” which also gave instructions on how to create campfires. Others believe that s’mores date back to the Victorian era, when sandwich cookies filled with cream were the dessert of choice.
    Regardless of its origin, enjoy spending time with family and friends around the fire and don’t hesitate pimping out your s’mores this 4th of July with added fix-ins like peanut butter.
  7. Lemonade
    Lemonade has been around for longer than you would have thought. Many historians believe that lemons were brought from Asia to Egypt in 700 AD. Around that same time, Qatarmizat, a lemon-based drink sweetened with sugar became popularized.
    Though Qatarmizat may be a bit different from the lemonade that we drink today, it has evolved over the last few thousand years. Compagnie de Limonadiers was started in 1676 in Paris and it is believed to be the first soda company. The company sold their lemonade on the streets of Paris — the first lemonade stand.
  8. Strawberry shortcake
    When attending a 4th of July barbecue, it’s not uncommon to be served strawberry shortcake for dessert. Strawberry shortcake has been around for nearly 200 years. The first recorded recipe is found in “Miss Leslie’s Ladies Recipe Book,” published in 1847. Miss Leslie calls her dessert “Strawberry Cake,” but it’s similar to the strawberry shortcake we enjoy today.
    In the late 19th century, “strawberry shortcake” parties became popular. Many historians believe that this is why the strawberry shortcake recipe began to evolve, to accommodate to different individual tastes. Icing was replaced with a lighter whipping cream, and the previous biscuit texture was replaced with an angel food cake-like texture.
  9. Pie
    While pie is a common food tradition during many American holidays, pies filled with fresh summer fruits is surely a 4th of July food tradition. Pie has become the most traditional American dessert — some may even use it to describe something as patriotic as “as American as apple pie.” However, pie has been around much longer than our nation.
    Pie was brought to America by the first English colonists. Pies were previously popular in England, though they were often meat pies. (The first fruit pie was thought to be made by Queen Elizabeth I, who made a cherry pie). Often, these English pies consisted of more crust than filling, to hold the pie together. The crust of the pie was known as the “coffyn.”
    The early colonists cooked their pies in narrow pans which they called coffins. Much like their English ancestors, the colonists rarely ate the crust of their pie, but used it to hold the filling during baking.  The term crust was not used until the American Revolution, when the colonists stopped using the term coffin. As more colonists began to settle, pioneer woman began to bake pies that were more regionalized, using local ingredients.
  10. Ice cream
    Ice cream has been around for thousands of years — even Alexander The Great mentions “snow and ice flavored with honey and nectar.” Ice cream was a luxury that was only enjoyed by the wealthiest of elite. Thanks to the invention of refrigeration, the manufacturing of ice cream became a rising industry. Ice cream itself became popular after the creation of the ice cream parlor, which became a social hangout for many Americans in the late 19th century.
    Historically, ice cream became an edible symbol of morale during World War II – each branch of the military tried to outdo one another by serving ice cream to its troops. The first floating ice cream parlor was built in 1945 for sailors in the western Pacific. Ice cream became such an American symbol during World War II that Mussolini banned ice cream in Italy. When the war ended, America celebrated its victory with ice cream. Americans consumed over 20 quarts of ice cream per person in 1946.
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source (article; video): 11 Traditional July 4th Foods and How They Started by Casey Twomey, SPOON University; Budweiser, Go Fourth, America, Budweiser, Youtube

A cikk elolvasása után próbálj válaszolni a következő kérdésekre.

1.What is considered to be the ancient grain of the New World?
2.Which food was cooked in so called ‘coffin’ pans?
3.When and where were the first hot dogs in America sold?
4.Where was the lemonade known today sold for the first time?
5.Which food was considered to be the symbol of America during World War II?
6.Where is barbecue believed to have originated from?
7.Which food recipe became different from the original one?
8.Why did Budweiser beer become so popular in the past?

 

keys/megoldások: 1. corn; 2. pies; 3. at many baseball parks across America in 1893; 4. in Paris; 5. Ice-cream; 6. from the Caribbean; 7. strawberry shortcake, Icing was replaced with a lighter whipping cream, and the previous biscuit texture was replaced with an angel food cake-like texture; 8. Because it was lighter and crisper ale to drink and due to pasteurization, which allowed the beer to be shipped nationwide in refrigerated rail cars.

 

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Vocabulary

quintessentially alapvetően
Arguably vitathatatlanul
to originate származik valahonnan
abundance bőség
legit council legális bizottság
to declare kihirdetni
consumption fogyasztás
German frankfurter frankfurti virsli
presumably valószínűleg
to evolve fejlődni
standard fare általános jelenség
prevalence túlsúly/dominancia
resolution határozat
to pass elfogadni
significance fontosság
prior korábbi/előző
seal pecsét
to explain elmagyarázni
valor hősiesség
perseverance kitartás
staple állandó étel
to found alapítani
to brew főzni (sört)
dairy farms tejgazdaságok
to seek-sought-sought keresni
crisper szénsavasabb
Corn on the cob főttkukorica
abundant bőséges
grain gabona
to cultivate termeszteni
versatility sokoldalúság
to harvest betakarítani
S’mores tábortűzi édesség (két
graham keksz között
mályvacukor és csoki)
It goes without dispute vitán felüli
Tramping túrázás
Trailing nyomkövetés
Girl Scouts cserkészlányok
campfires tábortüzek
to pimp out felturbózni
fix-ins alap hozzávalók
shortcake linzertészta
to attend részt venni
uncommon szokatlan/rendkívüli
to accommodate to alkalmazkodni valamihez
Icing cukormáz
previous előző/korábbi
to replace helyettesíteni
an angel food cake könnyű piskótatésztából
készült torta (lisztből,
tojásfehérjéből, zsiradék
nélkül készült piskótatészta)
to consist of állni valamiből
crust tésztakéreg
pans tepsi
coffins koporsók
ancestors elődök/ősök
to settle (down) letelepedni
pioneer telepes
regionalized adott régióra jellemző
invention találmány
ice cream parlor fagylaltozó
social hangout törzshely
edible ehető
morale közhangulat/közszellem
to outdo felülmúlni
troops csapatok
floating lebegő
consumed elfogyasztott
quart negyed gallon (itt: 0,946 liter US;
de 1,136 liter UK)

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