Az amerikai függetlenség napja – szókincs

Július 4. az amerikai függetlenség napja. Az ünnep kialakulásáról olvashattok a következő rövid cikkben.

Fourth of July – Independence Day

The Fourth of July—also known as Independence Day or July 4th—has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1941, but the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution.

On July 2nd, 1776, the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence, and two days later delegates from the 13 colonies adopted the Declaration of Independence, a historic document drafted by Thomas Jefferson. From 1776 to the present day, July 4th has been celebrated as the birth of American independence, with festivities ranging from fireworks, parades and concerts to more casual family gatherings and barbecues. The Fourth of July 2021 is on Sunday, July 4, 2021; the federal holiday will be observed on Monday, July 5, 2021.

The tradition of setting off fireworks on the 4 of July began in Philadelphia on July 4, 1777, during the first organized celebration of Independence Day. Ship’s cannon fired a 13-gun salute in honor of the 13 colonies. The Pennsylvania Evening Post reported: “at night there was a grand exhibition of fireworks (which began and concluded with thirteen rockets) on the Commons, and the city was beautifully illuminated.” That same night, the Sons of Liberty set off fireworks over Boston Common.

The tradition of patriotic celebration became even more widespread after the War of 1812, in which the United States again faced Great Britain. In 1870, the U.S. Congress made July 4th a federal holiday; in 1941, the provision was expanded to grant a paid holiday to all federal employees.

Over the years, the political importance of the holiday would decline, but Independence Day remained an important national holiday and a symbol of patriotism.

Falling in mid-summer, the Fourth of July has since the late 19th century become a major focus of leisure activities and a common occasion for family get-togethers, often involving fireworks and outdoor barbecues. The most common symbol of the holiday is the American flag, and a common musical accompaniment is “The Star-Spangled Banner,” the national anthem of the United States.



to vote in favor of valami javára/érdekében szavazni
delegates küldöttek/képviselők
to adopt elfogadni/alkalmazni
the Declaration of Independence Függetlenségi Nyilatkozat
to draft megfogalmazni
fireworks tűzijátékok
to observe megünnepelni
to set off kilőni (tűzijátékot)
Ship’s cannon hajóágyú
salute in honor of tisztelgés valami tiszteletére
to conclude befejezni/zárni
to illuminate kivilágítani
patriotic hazafias
widespread széles körben elterjedt
provision rendelkezés
to expand kiterjeszteni
to grant a paid holiday engedélyezni a fizetett szabadságot
employees munkavállalók/alkalmazottak
to decline hanyatlani/gyengülni
to remain megmaradni
family get-togethers családi összejövetelek
musical accompaniment zenei kiséret

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