Beszéljünk a környezetvédelemről – szókincsfejlesztés hanganyaggal

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Érettségin, nyelvvizsgán - és persze a "való életben" is fontos téma. A szöveghez hanganyag és szószedet is tartozik! 

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

All of us know how important it is to protect our environment and we hear about the negative effects that our lifestyles have on nature and our world every day. A very serious result of our careless living is pollution. One of the main effects of pollution is global warming, for example, which causes the changes in our climate and makes temperature rise. This leads to many problems for humans, plants and animals. Global warming has been present since the end of the 19th century, but we are still not doing enough to stop it. We are still polluting our earth.

The three main kinds of pollution are: air, water and land pollution. Let’s talk about them in details.

Air pollution

Air pollution means that the air we breathe becomes dirty and bad for our health. Air is polluted by natural activities like forest fires and volcanic eruptions, but human activity is even more polluting. Our consumer society is based on manufacturing. We need factories to produce the things we buy and power plants for electricity, which emit high levels of carbon monoxide, methane and other chemicals into the air through the fumes and smoke that come out of their chimneys. Burning fossil fuels like oil, gas and coal for transportation also results in smog and serious air pollution. These are directly pumped into the air as primary pollutants. Contaminated air can cause respiratory and lung diseases apart from the climate change. But methane, for example, is also produced by the animals we keep for food and by the tons of decomposing garbage in landfills. The chemicals we use in our household can also be great pollutants. You should check what cleaning and hygienic products you spray into the air! Ways to fight air pollution are straightforward: be less dependent on polluting transportation – ride a bike more and use the car less if you can’t have an environmentally friendly one. Buy less new, non-recyclable products and check if they are environmentally friendly or not. Recycle your waste and use less electricity!

Water pollution

Nature has a way of keeping our water supplies clean, but we are making this more and more difficult. Cities and their industries dump waste products and chemicals into the seas, which is not only destructive for humans, but also for all other living beings. Unfortunately, not only businesses and factories throw their garbage into the water. Many people also think rivers, lakes and seas are perfect places to dump their litter into. People also cause water pollution accidentally when their vehicles leak oil and gas and it gets washed into our water sources through rain or when cleaning the streets and driveways. A huge and many times tragic way to destroy the quality of our water and the creatures that live in or feed from it is through oil pollution. We hear about oil spills regularly and we know how difficult it is to clean and how many animals and humans suffer the consequences. The sewage waste from houses and industries, like nuclear waste from nuclear plants, also ends up in our rivers and seas and there are also underground storage leaks when the harmful substances that are kept in tanks or run through pipes, like petroleum, under the ground contaminate our water sources. What you can do for water protection? Try to waste as little water as possible when you are washing your teeth, showering or cleaning. Always use environmentally friendly household cleaning and hygienic materials. Check your car for leaks. Avoid using pesticides and artificial fertilizers in your garden or for farming because they all get into the nearby water sources through the soil. And whatever you do, do not litter in rivers, lakes, beaches and oceans!

Land pollution

Water and land pollution are connected many times. If you use natural and biodegradable products for farming, you can prevent poisonous substances like pesticides, insecticides and artificial fertilizers from getting into our soil, into the plants we and the animals eat, and also into our water sources. Recycling our waste is also an important step to take to stop land pollution. Garbage that is non-biodegradable and does not easily rot into organic matter should not be piled up on the landfills where cities transport their waste. They stay there for thousands of years and pollute our earth and the crops we eat. Deforestation is also a kind of land pollution. We need trees to absorb carbon dioxide from the air and produce life-giving oxygen, while forests are the home of many animals, birds and insects. We also use wood for housing, furniture and heat. While we are cutting down trees for construction, farming and mining, we don’t plant new trees. Can imagine the consequences if we don’t do something against this more and more serious problem? 

Vocabulary

to protect

védeni, óvni

environment

környezet

effect

hatás

lifestyle

életmód

result of

valaminek az eredménye

careless

gondatlan, figyelmetlen

pollution

szennyezés

global warming

globális felmelegedés

to rise

emelkedni

to lead

vezetni valamihez

to pollute

szennyezni

to breathe

lélegezni

forest fire

erdőtűz

volcanic eruption

vulkánkitörés

human

ember, emberi

consumer society

fogyasztói társadalom

manufacturing

gyártás

power plant

erőmű

to emit

kibocsájtani

carbon monoxide

szénmonoxid

methane

metán

chemical

vegyi anyag, vegyszer

fume

gőz, füst

chimney

kémény

fossil fuel

állati maradványból képződött energiaforrás

to result in

eredményezni valamit, vezetni valamire

to be pumped into

kifújva/kipumpálva lenni

pollutant

szennyező (anyag)

contaminated

szennyezett

respiratory

légzési/légzőszervi

lung disease

tüdőbaj, tüdőbetegség

apart from

valamitől eltekintve, valamin kívül

to decompose

felbomlani

landfill

(szemét)lerakóhely

household

háztartás

hygienic product

tisztálkodási termék

straightforward

egyértelmű/egyszerű

to be dependent on

függni valamitől

environmentally friendly

környezetbarát

non-recyclable

nem újrahasznosítható

waste

hulladék

supply

készlet, utánpótlás

to dump

lerakni/kidobni

not only … but also …

nem csak … hanem … is

destructive

romboló, pusztító

living being

élőlény

litter

szemét

accidentally

véletlenül

to leak

szivárogni

source

forrás

driveway

kocsi feljáró

to destroy

tönkretesz, lerombol

quality

minőség

creature

teremtmény, lény

oil spill

olajkiömlés

regularly

rendszeresen

to suffer

elszenvedni valamit

consequence

következmény

sewage

szennyvíz

nuclear waste

nukleáris hulladék

nuclear plant

atomerőmű

to end up

végezni valahol/valahogy

underground storage

földalatti tároló

harmful

káros

substance

anyag

pipe

cső

petroleum

kőolaj

hygienic

tiszta, higiénikus

pesticides

növényvédőszerek

artificial fertilizer

műtrágya

nearby

közeli, közelben

soil

föld/talaj

to be connected

összekötve lenni

biodegradable

biológiailag lebomló

to prevent

megelőzni

poisonous

mérgező

substance

anyag

insecticides

rovarölő szerek

recycling

újrahasznosítás

to rot

rothadni

organic matter

szerves anyag

to pile up

felhalmozódni

crops

termés

deforestation

erdőirtás

to absorb

beszívni/beinni

carbon dioxide

széndioxid

mining

bányászat

Kapcsolódó anyagok

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