October 23rd – szókincs, mini feladat

felsőfok
Október 23-án az 1956-os forradalom kitörésének napjára és a Magyar Köztársaság 1989-es kikiáltására emlékezünk.

When is Hungarian Republic Day?

This public holiday in Hungary is always celebrated on October 23rd.

This day commemorates the anniversary of two key events in the history of modern Hungary that both happened on this day; the 1956 uprising against the Soviet Union and the creation of the Republic of Hungary in 1989.

History

Following the end of the Second World War, Hungary had increasingly come under the control of their liberators from Germany, the Soviet Union.

Following democratic changes in Austria, some Hungarians had hoped for similar concessions in their country, but those hopes were quashed with the establishment of the Warsaw Pact in 1955, placing Hungary behind the so-called ‘Iron Curtain’. Demanding democratic changes and the withdrawal of Soviet forces, Hungarian students held a demonstration in Budapest on October 23rd 1956. The demonstration drew popular support and the crowds grew and similar protests broke out across Hungary. This led to the Soviets deploying tanks on the streets of Budapest in an attempt to take back control. Violent rebellion then erupted in all parts of Hungary, with uprisings removing the local government. A new democratic government ousted the ruling communist party.

On October 28th the Soviets called for a cease-fire, withdrew their troops and pledged to re-establish free elections.

However, on November 3rd 1956, the Soviets changed their minds. The new government was arrested and within a week the Soviet military had crushed the rebels and the short-lived revolution was over.

While the revolution may not have been successful, it was still seen as a significant event that hardened international opinion against the more oppressive aspects of the Soviet Union.

On October 23rd 1989, a date chosen to honour the 1956 revolution, Hungarians proclaimed the Third Republic of Hungary, amending their constitution to permit multi-party politics, public assembly, and creating a separation of power in the government.

In October 1991, the National Assembly declared an official national celebration on October 23rd, as confirmed by the 2012 Basic Law.

How is Hungarian Republic Day Celebrated?

October 23rd is observed as a solemn national holiday in Hungary. The main celebrations begin on October 23rd with the ceremonial hoisting of the Hungarian national flag in front of the Parliament building at 9 a.m. This is followed by various programs in the afternoon.

The iconic sign of this day is the Hungarian flag with a hole in the middle, symbolising the flags revolutionaries carried in 1956, after having cut out the Communist Rákosi coat of arms from the middle.

source: Office Holidays

5 szó magyarázatát olvashatjátok a következő feladatban. Találjátok meg a cikkben ezt az öt szót.

1.an agreement, usually between two armies, to stop fighting in order to allow discussions about peace

2.the police take someone away to ask them about a crime that they might have committed

3.to move soldiers or equipment to a place where they can be used when they are needed

4.an occasion when people show that they disagree with something by standing somewhere, shouting, carrying signs

5.something that is allowed or given up, often in order to end a disagreement, or the act of allowing or giving this

source: Cambridge Dictionary

keys/megoldások:

1.ceasefire; 2.to arrest; 3.to deploy; 4.protest; 5.concession

Vocabulary

to commemorate megemlékezzünk
anniversary évforduló
liberators felszabadítók
concessions engedmények
to quash hopes szertefoszlatni a reményeket
establishment megalakítás
withdrawal visszavonulás
to draw popular support a nép támogatásának megszerzése
to deploy bevethessék
in an attempt to megpróbálják
rebellion lázadás
to erupt kitörni
uprisings felkelések
to remove government eltávolítani a kormányt
to call for a cease-fire/ceasefire tűzszünetre szólítani
to pledge ígéretet tenni
to change their mind meggondolni magukat
to arrest letartóztatni
successful sikeres
oppressive elnyomó
to honour megtisztelni
to proclaim kihirdetni
to amend változtatni
constitution alkotmány
to permit multi-party politics engedélyezni a többpárti politikát
public assembly nyilvános gyülekezés
to declare kinyilvánítani
to confirm megerősíteni
Basic Law Alaptörvény
to observe (ünnepként) megtartani
solemn ünnepélyes
hoisting of flag zászlófelvonás
coat of arms címer

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