St George’s Day – szókincs, szövegértési feladat

alapfok
Április 23-án van Szent György napja, Anglia nemzeti ünnepe, valamint 2010 óta az angol nyelv világnapja is. Szintén erre a napra esik William Shakespeare születésének és halálának évfordulója is. Szent Györgyről olvashattok és hallgathattok meg érdekességeket a rövid cikkben és a videóban.

10 fascinating facts about St George’s Day

How did a man born in Cappadocia in AD 270 become the Patron Saint of England?
Here are 10 fascinating facts about Saint George.

  1. St George’s Day takes place on 23 April, which is traditionally accepted as being the date of his death in AD 303.
  2. St George was beheaded for resigning his military post and protesting against his pagan leader, the Emperor Diocletian (245-313 AD), who led Rome’s persecution of Christians.
  3. The Emperor’s wife was so inspired by St George’s bravery and loyalty to his religion, that she too became a Christian and was subsequently executed for her faith.
  4. Before the cult of St George was brought back from the Crusades, the top choice for England’s patron saint was Edmund the Martyr, one of the Whuffings, East Anglia’s ruling family. Edmund is also the patron saint of pandemics, torture victims, and wolves.
  5. St George is the Patron Saint of Scouting and on the Sunday nearest to 23 April scouts and guides throughout England parade through the streets.
  6. His emblem, a red cross on a white background was adopted by Richard The Lionheart and brought to England in the 12th century, when the king’s soldiers would wear it on their tunics to avoid confusion in battle.
  7. Aside from England, other countries that celebrate St George’s Day include Canada, Croatia, Portugal, Cyprus, Greece, Georgia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Republic of Macedonia.
  8. Though celebrations are somewhat muted in modern times, Englishmen can still be seen to mark St George’s Day with quintessentially British traditions, such as Morris Dancing, eating fish and chips or watching a Punch and Judy puppet show.
  9. The most famous legend of St George is of him slaying a dragon, with the dragon commonly used to represent the Devil in the Middle Ages. The slaying of the dragon by St George was first credited to him in the 12th century, long after his death and it is therefore likely that the many stories connected with St George’s name are fictitious.
  10. The date of 23 April was also the date of the death of the English playwright William Shakespeare. UNESCO marked this historic date by declaring it the International Day of the Book and it is also traditionally when Shakespeare’s birthday is celebrated.

source (article; video): BRITAIN Magazine; British English Holidays – St. George’s Day; Learn English with EnglishClass101.com, Youtube

A cikk elolvasása után próbáljátok megtalálni a mondatok befejezését a megadott opciók segítségével. Vigyázzatok, több mondatvégződés van, mint amennyire szükségetek van.

  1. St George was beheaded for ………..
  2. The Emperor’s wife ………..
  3. Edmund the Martyr is also the patron saint of ………..
  4. His emblem was adopted by Richard The Lionheart ………..
  5. The slaying of the dragon by St George was ………..
  1. pandemics, torture victims, and wolves.
  2. and brought to England in the 12th century.
  3. was executed for her faith.
  4. resigning his military post and protesting against his pagan leader.
  5. first credited to him in the 12th century, long after his death.
  6. was so inspired by St George’s bravery and loyalty to his religion.

keys/megoldások: 1. – D; 2. – C.; 3. – A.; 4. – B.; 5. – E., extra: F.

Vocabulary

patron saint védőszent
to accept elfogadni
to be beheaded for lefejezik valamiért
to resign lemondani valamiről
pagan pogány
persecution üldözés
bravery bátorság
subsequently
(to be) executed
következésképpen
kivégzik
faith hit
the Crusades Keresztes Háborúk
pandemics világjárványok
Scouting Cserkészet
guides (cserkész) vezetők
emblem jelkép
tunics katonazubbonyok
to avoid confusion elkerülni az összetévesztést
aside from eltekintve valamitől
to mute letompítani
to mark megemlékezni
quintessentially alapvetően
Morris Dancing angol néptánc egy formája
Punch and Judy show bábszínház (Vitéz János/Paprika Jancsi bábszínház)
to slay megölni/meggyilkolni
to credit to javára írni
therefore ennélfogva
fictitious kitalált
playwright drámaíró

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