The history of Halloween - A halloween története

The history of Halloween - A halloween története

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Olvasd el és hallgasd meg a Halloween történetét és válaszolj a kérdésekre is! 

The History of Halloween

Halloween is a holiday in many English speaking countries that is celebrated on the night of October 31st. Children wear costumes and they go to people's homes saying "Trick or treat!" to ask for candy and then the people give it to them. People sometimes dress up as ghostswitchesgoblins, and other scary things for Halloween.

The word Halloween is from Hallowe'en. This is a contraction of All Hallow's Eve. All Hallow's Eve is the day before the Catholic holiday All Saints' holy day. All Saints' holy day was once called All Hallows. This was short for All Hallowed Souls. Hallowed means holy.

This holiday All Saints' holy day was made by Christian missionaries. It was the same day as a pagan holiday. The missionaries came to areas where pagans lived. They tried to make the pagans believe in Christianity. So they made some pagan holidays into Christian holidays.

The pagan holiday that All Saints' holy day replaced was the Day of the Dead. Many Wiccans and modern pagans celebrate the Day of the Dead. This is a happy holiday (even though it says 'Dead'). It is the day that the souls of dead people come back to Earth. So in pagan religions it is not about scary things. It is about being with (remembering) family or friends who have died.

holiday - ünnep
to be celebrated - meg van ünnepelve, megünneplik
costume - jelmez
candy - édesség, csoki, cukor
to dress up as - beöltözni valaminek
ghost - szellem
witch - boszorkány
goblin - gonosz szellem, kobold
scary - félelmetes
contraction - összevonás, rövidítés
holy - szent
missionary - misszionárius, hittérítő
pagan - pogány
to replace - helyettesít
religion -  vallás

 

Trick or treat!  A kifejezést akkor szokták használni a gyerekek, amikor Halloweenkor házról házra járnak és édességet kérnek a háziaktól, azzal fenyegetve őket, hogy ha nem kapnak, akkor valami varázslatot, trükköt (nem jó értelemben) fognak bevetni ellenük (pl. összeszappanozzák az ablakot, lisztet szórnak a lábtörlőre, stb.)

A szöveg alapján válaszolj a kérdésekre!

1.When is Halloween celebrated?

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2.What do children say in order to get sweets?

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3.What does the word hallowed mean?

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4.Where did the missionaries go and why?

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Answers: Halloween is celebrated on the night of October 31st./Children say „Trick or treat!” to ask for candy and then the people give it to them./Hallowed means holy. /The missionaries went to areas where pagans lived to try to make them believe in Christianity.

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