Advent 2019 Day 5: 30 fun facts about the Christmas tree

Advent 2019 Day 5: 30 fun facts about the Christmas tree

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Sok érdekes tényt olvashatsz a mai leckében a karácsonyfáról. Igaz-hamis kérdéseket készítettünk hozzá. A videóval pedig a karácsonyfadíszek nevét is megtanulhatod. 

1. The use of evergreen trees to celebrate the winter season occurred before the birth of Christ.

2. The first decorated Christmas tree was in Riga, Latvia in 1510.

3. The first printed reference to Christmas trees appeared in Germany in 1531.

4. Approximately 100,000 people are employed full or part-time in the Christmas tree industry.

5. In the United States, there are more than 15,000 Christmas tree farms. There are approximately 350 million Christmas trees growing on U.S. farms.

6. The most popular Christmas trees are: Scotch pine, Douglas fir, Noble fir, Fraser fir, Balsam fir, Virginia pine and white pine.

7. Besides evergreens, other types of trees such as cherry and hawthorns were used as Christmas trees in the past.

8. Live Christmas trees have been sold commercially in the United States since about 1850.

9. Using small candles to light a Christmas tree dates back to the middle of the 17th century.

10. 10.9 million artificial trees were purchased in the United States in 2012.

11. Thomas Edison’s assistant, Edward Johnson, came up with the idea of electric lights for Christmas trees in 1882. Christmas tree lights were first mass-produced in 1890.

12. Today, most artificial Christmas trees are made from PVC plastic. PVC trees are fire-retardant but not fire-resistant. Eighty percent of artificial trees worldwide are manufactured in China.

13. Artificial Christmas trees were developed in Germany during the 19th century and later became popular in the United States. These “trees” were made using goose feathers that were dyed green and attached to wire branches. The wire branches were then wrapped around a central dowel rod that acted as the trunk.

14. Since 1971, the Province of Nova Scotia has presented the Boston Christmas tree to the people of Boston, in gratitude for the relief supplies received from the citizens of Boston after a ship exploded in 1917 following a collision in the Halifax, Nova Scotia Harbor. Part of the city was leveled, killing and injuring thousands.

15. Every year since 1947, the people of Oslo, Norway have given a Christmas tree to the city of Westminster, England. The gift is an expression of goodwill and gratitude for Britain’s help to Norway during World War II. The tree stands on Trafalgar Square.

16. The official Christmas tree tradition at Rockefeller Center began in 1933. Since 2004 the tree has been topped with a 550-pound Swarovski Crystal star. And since 2007, the tree has been lit with 30,000 energy-efficient LED’s which are powered by solar panels.

17. There are approximately 25-30 million real Christmas trees sold in the U.S. every year.

18. Real trees are a renewable, recyclable resource. Artificial trees contain non-biodegradable plastics and possible metal toxins such as lead.

19. It can take as many as 15 years to grow a tree of typical height (6 – 7 feet) or as little as 4 years, but the average growing time is 7 years.

20. A ‘Tree of Paradise’ was also used in old mystery plays to symbolise the Garden of Eden. Apples hung on it may be the origin of tree decorations.

21. Even before the time of Christ, evergreen trees were seen in winter as a symbol of fertility.

22. Real Christmas trees came eighth in a survey of the US’s favourite smells in 2004, just behind the sea but ahead of perfume.

23. England’s first Christmas tree was brought to Windsor by Charlotte, wife of George III, in 1800…but it was the trees brought in the 1840s by Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria, that led to their popularity throughout the UK.

24. The first use of the term ‘Christmas tree’ in English was in 1835.

25. The average Christmas tree contains about 30,000 bugs and insects.

26.  Manufactured Christmas tree ornaments were first sold by Woolworths in 1880.

27. The United States’ National Christmas Tree has been lit each year since 1923 on the South Lawn of the White House.

28. An angel or star might be placed at the top of the tree to represent the archangel Gabriel or the Star of Bethlehem from the Nativity.

29. The tree was traditionally decorated with edibles such as apples, nuts, or other foods. In the 18th century, it began to be illuminated by candles which were ultimately replaced by Christmas lights after the advent of electrification.

30. Today, there are a wide variety of traditional ornaments, such as garland, tinsel, and candy canes.

Source: www.uselessdaily.com

True or false?

1. Live Christmas trees are evergreen.

2. The star on the top of the tree represents the nativity.

3. Artificial Christmas trees are fire resistant.

4. The Christmas tree on Trafalgar Square is a gift from Sweden every year.

5. Evergreen trees symbolize fertility.

6. Christmas trees are decorated with only edibles.

 

Key

1. true

2. true

3. false

4. false

5. true

6. false

Vocabulary

evergreen

örökzöld

printed

nyomtatott

reference

hivatkozás

Scotch pine

erdeifenyő

hawthorn

galagonya

commercially

kereskedelmi forgalomban

artificial tree

műfenyő

to be mass-produced

tömegtermelésben gyártják

fire-retardant

tűzgátló, tüzet késleltető

fire-resistant

tűzálló, tűznek ellenálló

goose feather

libatoll

to dye

festeni

wire branch

drótból készült ág

dowel rod

tartórúd

trunk

törzs

in gratitude

hálából

relief supplies

segélycsomagok

to explode

felrobbanni

collision

összeütközés

to level

lerombolni

goodwill

jóakarat

to top sg

tetejére tenni valaminek

to light, lit, lit

megvilágítani

solar panel

napelem

renewable

megújuló

recyclable

újrahasznosítható

non-biodegradable

biológiailag nem lebomló

lead

ólom

average

átlagos

fertility

termékenység

ahead of sg

valami előtt

consort

házastárs, hitves

bug

bogár

insect

rovar

ornament

dísz

nativity

Krisztus születése

edibles

ehető dolgok

to be illuminated

ki van világítva

advent

eljövetel, bevezetés

tinsel

aranyfüst

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