1956 október 23. Emlékezzünk! – szókincsfejlesztő feladattal

minden

Emlékezzünk 1956 október 23. eseményeire rövid történelmi összegzéssel egy videós feladat segítségével.

A video megnézése után próbáld megtalálni a videóban elhangzó néhány szó angol magyarázatát.
A feladat alatt megtalálod a video szövegátiratát, hasznos szókincslistát és a feladat megoldásait is.

1. satellite state 2.  purge 3. replace 4. seize power 5. resign 6. erupt 7. withdraw 8. invade 9. intervene 10. treason

A.clear out B.break out C. treachery D.interfere E.hand in resignation F. take the place of G. occupy H. take hold of I. pull back J. country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control from another country

After the Second World War, Hungary was absorbed as a satellite state of the Soviet Union. A communist government was established.

Political opposition was purged and Mátyás Rákosi, who was a strong supporter of Stalin, was appointed leader.

Imre Nagy would replace him in 1953 when Stalin died.

Until 1955, because of his independent attitude, Rákosi would again seize power on a stalinist leadership style such as his use of the secret police to brutally put down opponents made him unpopular with Hungarians as did the low living standards.

In June, 1956, in the spirit of de-Stalinisation, Rákosi was forced by the Soviet Politburo to resign as general secretary.

Khrushchev’s policies of de-Stalinization also encouraged a sense of freedom among Hungarians to criticize the Soviet regime and improve relations with the West.

A rise of protests by students and workers waving Hungarian flags with the Communist Emblem in the center cut out arose in Budapest, erupting into active fighting in October 1956.

The rebels were successful in the first stages of the revolution against Soviet troops.

They pulled down Stalin statue and released political prisoners.

András Hegedüs was forced to resign and the popular Imre Nagy now became prime minister.

Fighting ceased on the 28th of October as the Hungarians believed that Soviet troops had withdrawn entirely.

The new Hungarian government under Nagy began to make reforms for free elections and an end of the secret police.

In a radio address to the Hungarian people, Nagy declared that Hungary would withdraw from the Warsaw Pact.

Khrushchev was not happy with the idea of Hungary withdrawing, therefore making it neutral against the Soviet Union’s enemies.

On 1st November, 1956, Soviet Troops invaded Hungary, re-entering Budapest on the 4th November. Nagy had appealed to the United Nations to support the revolution.

But Western Powers did not intervene for risk of starting a global confrontation with USSR.

The Hungarians could not continue fighting against the numerous Soviet troops and tanks and street fighting ceased after two weeks.

A new pro-Soviet government was set up on János Kádár, while Nagy was caught and later executed for treason in 1958.

source: Simple History
keys/megoldások: 1-J; 2-A; 3-F; 4-H; 5-E; 6-B; 7-I; 8-G; 9-D; 10-C

Vocabulary

to be absorbed

bekebelezni

satellite state

bábállam/
csatlós állam

to be purged

megtisztítva lenni

appointed leader

kijelölt vezető

to replace

lecserélni/
helyébe lépni

attitude

hozzáállás

to seize power

megkaparintani
a hatalmat

to put down
opponents

leverni az
ellenfeleket

Politburo

politikai bizottság

to resign

lemondani

to encourage

ösztönözni

rise of protests

tiltakozók felkelése

to arise

elindul (itt)

to erupt

kitörni

troops

csapatok

to release

elengedni/
szabadon engedni

to cease

szünetelni/
abba maradni

to withdrawn

visszavonulni/
kilépni

address

beszéd (valakinek címzett)

enemies

ellenségek

to invade

megszállni

to appeal to sy

fordulni valakihez

to intervene

beavatkozni

to set up

létrehozni

to execute for treason

hazaárulásért
kivégezni

Visszajelzés
Visszajelzés
Egyéb megjegyzés
Következő
Email
Vissza
Küldés
Köszönjük!