The magical world of AI- artificial intelligence
by Kitti Bába
Artificial intelligence (AI) was originally described as a task performed by a machine or program while applying intelligence to accomplish the task. Or to put it differently: a machine performing an activity as if a human carried it out. However, AI is much more complicated than that. It is used in all different areas in life, and probably you have already used it too – without even noticing it.
What is AI and how was it discovered?
AI systems typically demonstrate behaviours associated with human intelligence such as planning, learning, problem-solving, reasoning, manipulation, social intelligence, or even creativity. AI is a wide-ranging computer science. Shortly after World War II, Alan Turing asked a question that changed everything people knew about science: “Can machines think?” Later, in 1950, he wrote a paper about machine intelligence and established the fundamental idea of artificial intelligence. AI’s core goal is to answer Turing’s question, and, moreover, to find out how machines think. In AI’s history, which started in 1955 by establishing it as an academic discipline, it has been divided into sub-fields. Some well-known sub-fields are robotics and machine learning.
There are several different tools and aspects used in AI, many of which include mathematical and logical calculations, statistics, probability, and even economics. The core of AI studies is to understand how human intelligence can be simulated by a machine. This, however, often raises arguments around ethics, as it has been a debate whether or not human-like artificial intelligent machines should be created. As of today, AI has not only made our lives easier but helped humanity to discover new ways of doing better healthcare, communication, and even agriculture.
What are the uses of AI?
The AI field draws upon computer science, mathematics, psychology, and even linguistics and philosophy. It is all around us, it is in our machines and everyday objects. AI is used in your smartphone to track your sleep schedule or in your browser to recommend you new products based on your searches. Virtual assistants are built on AI technology and are now intelligent enough to answer questions about the next day’s weather, or even to order a pizza for you.
Modern artificial intelligence examples include autonomous vehicles, such as self-driving cars, trucks, or drones. Some can even create art, such as poetry or plot writing, based on previous models. AI systems typically need a learning period, where the machine looks at thousands of previous examples of a certain item – for example, recipes. After AI has finished learning, it is capable of producing something new, for example, a new recipe.
AI often uses mathematical theories, which can even be used for autonomous games such as chess. Maths in AI is also highly included in online assistants and search engines – and that is the reason why once you look for something online, you will see advertisements for it the next day. AI can learn your behaviour and provide a personalised offer, only for you. This might sound futuristic, but it has actually made life very simple and fast in many different areas.
Very importantly, AI is used in healthcare too. Recent discoveries showed that AI now can correctly determine doses of medicine to the patient or can recognise cancer based on images. AI is a perfect assistant for doctors. AI systems can look through thousands of images or text and can find the one the user is looking for. This ability is many times lifesaving when it comes to quick medical responses.
What are the different types of AI?
At a very basic level, AI can be divided into two broad types: general and narrow AI. Narrow AI is what is in modern computers. Narrow AI systems can be taught and can learn to carry out specific tasks without being programmed how to do it. It is evident in virtual and online assistants and chatbots. AI can detect and understand language and even speech, as well as vision, which is used in self-driving cars.
General AI, however, is much more different as it is referred to the adaptable intellect found in humans. This is a more flexible form of intelligence. General AI is the intelligence of a machine that has the ability to learn and comprehend any intellectual task that a human can – such as how to build a spreadsheet or how to cut hair.
What is the future of AI?
AI has definitely changed information technology, learning, and in general: life. Besides some scepticism around machine intelligence, AI has provided humans with many new jobs, industrial and technological progress, better cars, trains, phones, and computers. We might be far from fully understanding how the human mind works, but AI is taught by us, so we should use it to make a better future for all of us.
source (video): 10 AI Examples In Real Life: How Artificial Intelligence Impacts Everyday Life, Bernard Marr, Youtube
|artificial intelligence||mesterséges intelligencia|
|to accomplish||végrehajtani, elvégezni|
|to carry out||megvalósítani,
|to draw upon||valamit használni|
|general AI||általános mesterséges intelligencia|
|narrow AI||szűk mesterséges intelligencia|
|to be programmed||beprogramozni valamire|