Vízkereszt – olvasmány, videó, hallás utáni szövegértéses feladat

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Január 6. Vízkereszt napja. A nap eredetéről és a hozzá kapcsolódó desszertekről olvashattok a cikkben. A videóban hasznos tippeket kaphattok az egyik desszert elkészítéséhez.

Epiphany, also called Feast of the Epiphany, Theophany, or Three Kings’ Day, (from Greek epiphaneia, “manifestation”), Christian holiday commemorating the first manifestation of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, represented by the Magi, and the manifestation of his divinity, as it occurred at his baptism in the Jordan River and at his first miracle, at Cana in Galilee.

Epiphany is one of the three principal and oldest festival days of the Christian church (the other two are Easter and Christmas). Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Anglicans, and other Western churches observe the feast on January 6, while some Eastern Orthodox churches celebrate Epiphany on January 19, since their Christmas Eve falls on January 6.

The festival originated in the Eastern church, where it at first included a commemoration of Christ’s birth. In Rome, by 354 Christ’s birth was being celebrated on December 25, and later in the 4th century the church in Rome began celebrating Epiphany on January 6.

In the Western church the festival primarily commemorates the visit by the Magi to the infant Jesus, which is seen as evidence that Christ, the Jewish Messiah, came also for the salvation of Gentiles. In the East it primarily commemorates the baptism of Jesus and celebrates the revelation that the incarnate Christ was both fully God and fully man.

In the West the evening preceding Epiphany is called Twelfth Night. The time between December 25 and January 6 is known as the Twelve Days of Christmas. Epiphany is celebrated with special pastries in many countries, and children often receive small gifts in their shoes in honour of the Magi’s gifts to the infant Jesus. The holiday also has a number of traditions involving water as a reflection of Jesus’ baptism, including the blessing of houses with holy water.

Three Kings Day has to be among the favorite family traditions for many in Switzerland.

It is celebrated annually on Epiphany, which is on January 6. Families will typically serve a cake for breakfast, with each family member being allowed to pick one bun.

The lucky person who picks the one bun containing a miniature king will be king or queen for the day! Each cake comes with a cardboard crown.

In German-speaking Switzerland, the yeast-based Three Kings Cake (Dreikönigskuchen) is most popular. In the Romandie, on the other hand, the gâteau à la frangipane has more of a foothold.

Traditional French Galette des Rois

The delicious galette des rois, a traditional French cake usually served on Epiphany, the day the Three Kings visited the baby Jesus. The name translates to “king cake” and it features a small prize hidden inside the filling.

A galette des rois is made of a creamy almond filling sandwiched between two flaky, buttery layers of puff pastry. The ingredients for almond cream all go into a food processor to blend, and then the paste is spread onto store-bought puff pastry, making this impressive cake simple to put together. Serve slices of the galette with tea or cafe au lait to balance the cake’s sweetness.

When it comes to the small prize (called a fève) hidden inside the filling, bakeries opt for porcelain or plastic figures, but a home baker can use a dried fava bean instead. The lucky guest who finds the fève becomes the “king” or “queen” of the evening and wears a paper crown.

source (articles ; video): Britannica.com; Traditional French Galette des Rois, the Spruce Eats; Our baking recipe for the traditional Three Kings Cake, Newly Swiss;  Galette des Rois – Raymond Blanc’s Christmas Feast – BBC Two, BBC, Youtube

A videó megnézése után válaszolj a következő kérdésekre angolul.

  1. What is frangipane?
  2. How much icing sugar does Raymond add?
  3. What does egg yolk give?
  4. What does Raymond top the frangipane mix with? 
  5. What else does Raymond put in the mix?
  6. What is 180?

keys/megoldások:

  1. almond cream
  2. 75 grammes
  3. richness of colour, taste and flavour
  4. slices of pears
  5. He hides a china figure.
  6. The oven should be at 180 degrees to bake the cake.

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