Aussie slang – Egy kis ausztrál szókincs

középfok
Az ausztrál angol messziről megismerhető, nem csak a kiejtésről, hanem a szlengről is. Nézzünk meg néhány igazi ausztrál kifejezést!

Some useful everyday sentences:

G’day!
It’s a greeting, it is used instead of Hello.

Good onya!
(Good on you!) means: Well done!

Ho ya goin?
means: How are you going?

Howzit goin?
means: How is it going? /How are you?

Scan on?
means: What’s going on?

Yeah, nah.
means: No.

Nah, yeah.
means: Yes.

I’m stoked!
means: I’m really happy

No wozzas! / No worries!
means: Don’t worry!

No drama!
means: You’re welcome!

His friend is dodgy!
means: his friend is not trustworthy

Don’t do the dodgy!
means: Don’t break the law! Don’t do something illegal!

I’m buggered! / I’m knackered!
means: I’m really tired

What do you reckon?
means: What do you think?

Let’s nut it out tomorrow morning!
means: Let’s figure it out tomorrow morning.

Oh, no, you doin’ my head in
means
: you’re driving me crazy

Don’t be a sticky beak! (ne üsd bele a csőrödet)
means: 1. don’t be nosey; 2. mind your own business

Come and have a sticky beak!
means: Come and have a look at it!

I gave it a red hot go.
means: I tried my best to do it

He cracked it.
means: He got angry.

You’ve cracked me up!
means: you’ve made me laugh

Put it on the backburner!
means: Leave it and finish it later.

Some useful expressions:

time:

arvo means afternoon
Chrissie means Christmas
(Chrissie prezzie : Christmas presents)
fortnight means a period of two weeks
smoko means break

 places:

servo means service station/petrol/gas station
macca means McDonald’s
uni means university
bottle-o means bottle shop, liquor store

jobs:

ambo means ambulance driver/ paramedic
brickie means bricklayer
cabbie means cab/taxi driver
chippy means carpenter
copper means police officer
firey means fire fighter
garbo means garbage collector
sparky means electrician
tradie means tradesman

food/meals:

avo means avocado
barbie means barbecue
bevvie means beverage
bickie
means biscuit

brekkie means breakfast
chook means chicken
cuppa means a cup of coffee or tea
grog means liquor
shrimp on the barbie means barbecued prawns

interesting info:

Shrimp on the barbie” is a phrase that originated in a series of television advertisements by the Australian Tourism Commission starring Paul Hogan from 1984 through to 1990. The full quote spoken by Hogan is “I’ll slip an extra shrimp on the barbie for you“, and the actual slogan of the ad was “Come and say G’day“.
It has since been used, along with some variations, to make reference to Australia in popular culture. “Barbie” is Australian slang for barbecue and the phrase “slip a shrimp on the barbie” often evokes images of a fun social gathering under the sun. Australians, however, invariably use the word prawn rather than shrimp. Because the commercial was commissioned for broadcast in the United States, the change was made to limit audience confusion.

The term was used in the 1988 film Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, when Lawrence Jamieson (played by Michael Caine) pretends to be Australian and says “We’ll put some shrimps on the barbie for you”.
It was also used in the opening sequence of the 1994 cult comedy Dumb and Dumber, when protagonist Lloyd Christmas (portrayed by Jim Carrey) tries to hit on an Austrian woman, mistaking her for an Australian: “Let’s put another shrimp on the barbie”. She then turns him down, saying “Let’s not”.
In Mortal Kombat 11 videogame, the phrase is used by Cassie Cage to mock Kano (an Australian weapon dealer).

Prawns are a popular traditional Christmas seafood in Australia. However, crustaceans such as shrimp and prawns are less common.
source: Wikipedia

Shrimp and Prawns?

There are few crustaceans as misunderstood as the shrimp and the prawn. Some people think they’re the same thing; others think they differ only by size; others think they’re simply called different things in different countries, or regions, or states. In Australia and Europe, large species (of both groups) are called prawns, and small species are called shrimps. In the USA, large and small species are called shrimps, and the name prawns is rarely used. The same species that is sold as a prawn in Australia will be sold as a shrimp in the USA.
However, shrimp and prawns are completely different creatures. Yes, they’re both decapods — which means they have external skeletons and 10 legs — but that’s where the similarities end. Shrimp belong to the sub-order Pleocyemata, and prawns belong to the sub-order Dendrobranchiata.

source: Eater

sources: How to understand Australians, Slang Words & Expressions, mmmEnglish; Australian Slang, English Lesson, Aussie Vocabulary, Study With Cara; General Australian Slang Phrases, Australian Accent Tips, Candice Moll; 28 AUSTRALIAN SLANG Words/Phrases (That You Need to Know!), Welcome To, Youtube

A 2022 januári magazinban egy izgalmas cikket olvashattok az ausztrál kultúrát jól ismerő két tanárral. 

Vocabulary

trustworthy megbízható
to figure sth out rájönni valamire
nosey kíváncsi
mind your own business foglalkozz a saját dolgoddal!
paramedic mentőtiszt
to evoke felidézni
social gathering társas összejövetel
prawn garnélarák
to pretend tettetni
protagonist főszereplő/főhős
to hit on megpróbálni ’felszedni’ egy nőt
to mistake sb for sg else összetéveszteni valakit
valaki mással
to turn sb down kikosarazni valakit
invariable állandóan
shrimp kisebb garnélarák
crustaceans rákfélék
Dendrobranchiata mászórákok
Pleocyemata úszórákok
decapods tízlábú rákok

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